geography

Hirakud Dam

News: Water flow into the Hirakud reservoir on the Mahanadi river decreased by 34% in 2017

7 Sep, 2018

RAVINE LANDFORM

Source: Ravines of Chambal Valley About Ravine: A ravine is a landfo

4 Sep, 2018
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    Freight corridor

    News:

    Ateli, a small town in Haryana, etched its name in Indian Railways freight history with the flagging off the inaugural freight train on the 3,360 Km Dedicated Freight Corridor.

    Details of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor:

    • It is a broad-gauge freight corridor under construction in India by Indian Railways. It will connect India’s capital, Delhi, and its economic hub, Mumbai.
    • This corridor will cover a distance of 1483 km and would be electrified with double line operation.
    • Route from Rewari to Dadri will be entirely new line and Dadri will further be connected to Khurja junction which will connect this corridor to Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor.
    • The Western Dedicated Freight Corridor will begin at Dadri near Delhi in the state of Uttar Pradesh and will end at Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Maharashtra.
    • Maximum stretch of Western DFC will be in the state of Rajasthan (567 Km) followed by Gujarat (565 Km) and Haryana and Maharashtra at 177 Km, with only 18 Kms in UP.

    Details of Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor:

    • The railway will run between Ludhiana in Punjab and Dankuni (near Kolkata) in West Bengal.
    • For the railway line, broad gauge will be used.
    • The section from Ludhiana in Punjab to Khurja (Bulandshahr) in Uttar Pradesh 400 Km will be single line electrified due to a lack of space. This freight corridor will cover a total distance of 1839 km.
    • This corridor will also pass through Dadri, which is the origin point of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor and which will serve as a junction.
    • The maximum stretch of Eastern DFC will be in the state of Uttar Pradesh (1049 Km), followed by West Bengal at 488 Km, with lowest share in Jharkhand (50 Km) out of total 6 state from which this corridor will pass.

    Dig–deeper: Freight in India

    • The share of Indian Railways in freight transportation has come down to 28% from 60% a few years ago.
    • India spends around 14.4% of its GDP on logistics and transportation as compared to less than 8% spent by the other developing countries.
    • In India road freight constitutes around 63% of the total freight movement.