Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 7th January 2022


    • News: The Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), the Ramakrishna Mission, and the Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust (SSST) in Shirdi are among the 6,000 NGOs that did not have their FCRA registration renewed.
    • About Ramakrishna Mission:
      • Ramakrishna Mission (RKM) is a Hindu religious and spiritual organisation which forms the core of a worldwide spiritual movement known as the Ramakrishna Movement or the Vedanta Movement.
      • The mission is named after and inspired by the Indian saint Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and founded by Ramakrishna’s chief disciple Swami Vivekananda on 1 May 1897.
      • The organisation mainly propagates the Hindu philosophy of Vedanta–Advaita Vedanta and four yogic ideals– Jnana, Bhakti, Karma, and Raja yoga.
      • The Math and the Mission are the two key organisations that direct the work of the socio-spiritual-religious Ramakrishna movement, influenced by 19th-century (1800-1900) saint Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and founded by his chief disciple Vivekananda.
      • Founded by Vivekananda in 1897, the Math primarily focuses on spiritual training and the propagation of the movement’s teachings.
      • It is a humanitarian and spiritual organisation which carries out medical, relief and educational programs.
      • The principal workers of the mission are the monks. The mission’s activities cover the following areas:
        • Education
        • Health care
        • Cultural activities
        • Rural uplift
        • Tribal welfare
        • Youth movement, Spiritual teachings, etc.


    • News: The Sanjay Lake in east Delhi has become polluted over the years and the number of birds sighted there has fallen to 132 from 771 in 2016, according to a census carried out by Wetlands International, a global non-profit organisation.
    • About Wetlands International:
      • Wetlands International is a global organisation that works to sustain and restore wetlands and their resources for people and biodiversity.
      • It is an independent, not-for-profit, global organisation, supported by government and NGO membership from around the world.
      • It was founded in 1937 as the International Wildfowl Inquiry and the organisation was focused on the protection of waterbirds. Later, the name became International Waterfowl & Wetlands Research Bureau (IWRB).
      • The scope became wider; besides waterbirds, the organisation was also working on the protection of wetland areas.


    • News: In a conservation effort to monitor seasonal fluctuations in birds’ movements, the ringing of oriental darters has been taken up in the world-famous Bharatpur bird sanctuary (officially Keoladeo National Park) here after a gap of 22 years.
    • About Keoladeo National Park:
      • Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India is a famous avifauna sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season.
      • Over 350 species of birds are known to be resident. It is also a major tourist centre with scores of ornithologists arriving here in the hibernal season. It was declared a protected sanctuary in 1971.
      • It is also a World Heritage Site.
      • Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man-made and man-managed wetland and one of the national parks of India.
      • The reserve protects Bharatpur from frequent floods, provides grazing grounds for village cattle, and earlier was primarily used as a waterfowl hunting ground.
      • The 29 km2(11 sq mi) reserve is locally known as Ghana, and is a mosaic of dry grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps and wetlands.

    4.   JOG FALLS

    • News: For providing more facilities for tourists at the Jog Falls, where water from river Sharavati takes a plunge from a height of 810 feet, the Karnataka Cabinet on Thursday decided to build a ropeway, a five-star hotel, coffee bars and other infrastructure there at a cost of ₹116 crore.
    • About Jog Falls:
      • Jog Falls is a waterfall on the Sharavati river located in the Western Ghats in Karnataka, India.
      • It is the second highest plunge waterfall in India.
      • It is a segmented waterfall which depends on rain and season becomes a plunge waterfall.
      • The falls are major attractions for tourists and is ranked 36th in the list of free-falling waterfalls, 490th in the world by list of waterfalls by total height, 128th in the list of single-drop waterfalls in the World by the waterfall database.
      • Jog Falls is created by the Sharavati dropping 253 m (830 ft), making it the third-highest waterfall in India after the Nohkalikai Falls with a drop of 335 m (1,099 ft) in Meghalaya and Dudhsagar Waterfalls with a drop of 310 m (1,020 ft) in Goa.

    5.   KAZAKSTAN

    • News: A state of emergency has been declared in Kazakhstan and the government has officially stepped down following violent protests against a sharp and sudden increase in fuel prices. A look at how the crisis has unfolded.
    • Map of Central Asia: