News: The Railways on Monday said it had completed the arch closure of the 1315m Chenab bridge, the world’s highest railway bridge.
Terming it one of the biggest civil engineering challenges faced by any project in India, the Railways added that at 359m above the river bed level, the bridge would be 35 metres higher than the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
The Chenab bridge is part of the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla rail link project (USBRL) and completion of the steel arch is an important construction milestone.
The arch consists of steel boxes, which will be filled with concrete to improve stability. The bridge is being built at a cost of ₹1,486 crore and can withstand high wind speed up to 266 km per hour.
2. INS VIRAAT A PRIVATE PROPERTY NOW
News: INS Viraat, the Navy’s decommissioned aircraft carrier, has become the “private property” of a ship-breaker who has already torn down 40% of its body, chiefly for scrap, the Supreme Court told a private company, that wants to turn the vessel into a maritime museum-cum-adventure centre.
About Ship Breaking:
Ship-breaking (also known as ship demolition, ship dismantling, ship cracking, or ship recycling) is a type of ship disposal involving the breaking up of ships for either a source of parts, which can be sold for re-use, or for the extraction of raw materials, chiefly scrap.
Modern ships have a lifespan of 25 to 30 years before corrosion, metal fatigue and a lack of parts render them uneconomical to operate.
Ship-breaking allows the materials from the ship, especially steel, to be recycled and made into new products.
This lowers the demand for mined iron ore and reduces energy use in the steelmaking process.
Fixtures and other equipment on board the vessels can also be reused.
It is also labour-intensive, and considered one of the world’s most dangerous industries.
As of January 2020, India has the largest global share at 30%; followed by Bangladesh, China and Pakistan.
Alang, India currently has the world’s largest ship recycling destination, followed by Chittagong Ship Breaking Yard in Bangladesh and Gadani in Pakistan.
News: Jordan’s Prince Hamzah, accused of a “wicked” plot against his elder half-brother King Abdullah II, has struck a defiant tone, insisting he will not obey orders restricting his movement.
News: Mozambique’s military has said a “significant” number of militants were killed in fighting for the northern town and gas hub of Palma, seized by Islamic State-linked jihadists last month.