geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 5th May 2022

    1.    MONETARY POLICY COMMITTEE

    • News: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), in a sudden move on Wednesday, raised the repo rate by 40 basis points (bps) to 4.4% citing inflation that was globally “rising alarmingly and spreading fast”.
    • About Monetary Policy Committee:
      • The Monetary Policy Committee is responsible for fixing the benchmark interest rate in India.
      • The meetings of the Monetary Policy Committee are held at least 4 times a year (specifically, at least once a QUARTER) and it publishes its decisions after each such meeting.
      • The committee comprises six members – three officials of the Reserve Bank of India and three external members nominated by the Government of India.
      • They need to observe a “silent period” seven days before and after the rate decision for “utmost confidentiality”. The Governor of Reserve Bank of India is the chairperson ex officio of the committee.
      • Decisions are taken by majority with the Governor having the casting vote in case of a tie.
      • The current mandate of the committee is to maintain 4% annual inflation until 31 March 2021 with an upper tolerance of 6% and a lower tolerance of 2%.
    • About Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR):
      • Under cash reserve ratio (CRR), the commercial banks have to hold a certain minimum amount of deposit as reserves with the central bank.
      • The percentage of cash required to be kept in reserves as against the bank’s total deposits, is called the Cash Reserve Ratio.
      • The cash reserve is either stored in the bank’s vault or is sent to the RBI.
      • Banks can’t lend the CRR money to corporates or individual borrowers, banks can’t use that money for investment purposes and Banks don’t earn any interest on that money.

    2.    ANAMALAI TIGER RESERVE

    • News: Iridescent play Fireflies illuminate Top Slip in the Anamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu in a synchronous fashion.
    • About Anamalai Tiger Reserve:
      • Anaimalai Tiger Reserve, earlier known as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and as Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi and Valparai taluks of Coimbatore District and Udumalaipettai taluk in Tiruppur District, Tamil Nadu, India.
      • The Tamil Nadu Environment and Forests Department by a notification dated 27 June 2007, declared an extent of 958.59 km2 that encompassed the erstwhile IGWLS&NP or Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary, as Anaimalai Tiger Reserve under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
      • According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the Reserve presently includes a core area of 958.59 km2 and buffer/peripheral area of 521.28 km2 forming a total area of 1479.87 km2.
      • Mean annual rainfall is between 500 mm (20 in) in the south western fringes and 4,500 millimetres (180 in) on the north east.
      • This Sanctuary is an important watershed for the agricultural economy and power supply in other parts of Tamil Nadu.
      • The former includes tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests and East Deccan dry evergreen forests, montane shola-grassland, tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest, Deccan thorn scrub forests and marshes.
      • Threatened species of mammals in the Anamalai Tiger Reserve include Bengal tiger, Indian elephant, Indian leopard, dhole, Nilgiri tahr and lion-tailed macaque, Indian brown mongoose, gaur, Malabar spiny dormouse, Nilgiri langur, rusty-spotted cat, sambar deer, sloth bear and smooth-coated otter, Indian giant squirrel, Indian leopard and Indian pangolin.

    3.    WORLD PRESS FREEDOM INDEX

    • News: India’s ranking in the 2022 World Press Freedom Index has fallen to 150 out of 180 countries, according to the latest report released by Reporters Without Borders.
    • Details:
      • Countries are evaluated on five contextual indicators: political context, legal framework, economic context, socio-cultural context, and safety.
      • The report describes India as “one of the world’s most dangerous countries for the media.” It highlights that “supporters of Hindutva, the ideology that spawned the Hindu far-right, wage all-out online attacks on any views that conflict with their thinking.”
      • The top three positions for countries with the highest press freedom were taken by the Nordic trio of Norway (a score of 92.65), Denmark (90.27) and Sweden (88.84).
    • About Reporters Without Borders (RSF):
      • RSF is an international NGO whose self-proclaimed aim is to defend and promote media freedom. Headquartered in Paris, it has consultative status with the United Nations.
      • The objective of the World Press Freedom Index, which it releases every year, “is to compare the level of press freedom enjoyed by journalists and media in 180 countries and territories” in the previous calendar year.
      • The RSF defines press freedom as “the ability of journalists as individuals and collectives to select, produce, and disseminate news in the public interest independent of political, economic, legal, and social interference and in the absence of threats to their physical and mental safety.”
      • Countries are ranked after being assigned a score ranging from 0 to 100, with 100 representing the highest possible level of press freedom and 0 the worst.