News: If the Yogi Adityanath-led Uttar Pradesh government brings a “limited scope legislation” restricting marriages between a Hindu and a Muslim in the garb of curbing “love jihad”, it would not stand in law, says Justice (Retired) Aditya Nath Mittal, Chairperson of the State Law Commission.
About Law Commission of India:
It was for the first time in (1833) that the idea to establish a Law Commission for a comprehensive examination of the existing legal system prevailing in the British administered areas and its overhaul was instituted.
The First Law Commission was established in 1834 by the British Government under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay.
It suggested various enactments to the British Government, most of which were passed and enacted and are still in force in India.
Few of the most important recommendations made by this First Law Commission were those on, Indian Penal Code (first submitted in 1837 but enacted in 1860 and still in force), Criminal Procedure Code (enacted in 1898, repealed and succeeded by the Criminal Procedure Code of 1973), etc.
Law Commission of India is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India.
Its major function is to work for legal reform. Its membership primarily comprises legal experts, who are entrusted a mandate by the Government.
The commission is established for a fixed tenure and works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice.
The first Law Commission was established during the British Raj era in 1834 by the Charter Act of 1833.
It was presided by Lord Macaulay After that, three more Commissions were established in pre-independent India.
The first Law Commission of independent India was established in 1955 for a three-year term.
The terms of reference of the Law Commission include the review and repeal of obsolete laws, the examination of existing laws & the revision of central Acts of general importance.
2. MAP WORK: ETHIOPIA
News: Ethiopian lawmakers on Thursday endorsed a six-month state of emergency in the northern region of Tigray, a day after Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered military operations there in an escalation of a long-running feud.
3. ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND CO – OPERATION IN EUROPE
News: A team of international observers has described U.S. President Donald Trump’s claims of voter fraud as “baseless allegations”, asserting that such remarks harm public trust in democratic institutions.
About Organization for Security and Co – Operation in Europe (OSCE):
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world’s largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.
Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and fair elections.
It employs around 3,460 people, mostly in its field operations but also in its secretariat in Vienna, Austria, and its institutions.
It has its origins in the 1975 Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) held in Helsinki, Finland.
The OSCE is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation.
Its 57 participating countries are located in Europe, northern and central Asia, and North America.
The participating states cover much of the land area of the Northern Hemisphere. It was created during the Cold War era as an East–West forum.