geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 3rd May 2022

    1.   DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF CIVIL AVIATION (Indian Economy)

    • News: The DGCA will inspect the entire SpiceJet fleet of 91 aircraft after mid-air turbulence on Sunday left several passengers of a Mumbai-Durgapur Boeing 737-800 flight injured.
    • About Directorate General Of Civil Aviation:
      • The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is a statutory body of the Government of India to regulate civil aviation in India.
      • It became a statutory body under the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2020, the DGCA investigates aviation accidents and incidents, maintains all regulations related to aviation and is responsible for issuance of licenses pertaining to aviation like PPL’s, SPL’s and CPL’s in India.
      • The Government of India is planning to replace the organisation with a Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), modelled on the lines of the American Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
      • Functions:
        • Registration of civil aircraft
        • Certification of airports
        • Licensing to pilots, aircraft maintenance engineers, air traffic controllers and flight engineers, and conducting examinations and checks for that purpose
        • Carrying out amendments to the Aircraft Act, the Aircraft Rules and the Civil Aviation Requirements for complying with the amendments to ICAO Annexes, and initiating proposals for amendment to any other Act or for passing a new Act in order to give effect to an international Convention or amendment to an existing convention.
        • Formulation of standards of airworthiness for civil aircraft registered in India and grant of certificates of airworthiness to such aircraft
        • Conducting investigation into incidents and serious incidents involving aircraft up to 2250 kg AUW and taking accident prevention measures, including formulation of implementation of Safety Aviation Management Programmes
        • Checks on the proficiency of flight crew and other operational personnel such as flight dispatchers and cabin crew
        • Coordination of ICAO matters with all agencies, sending replies to State letters, and taking all necessary action arising out of the Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) of ICAO.
        • Granting Air Operator’s Certificates to Indian carriers and regulation of air transport services operating to/from/within/over India by Indian and foreign operators, including clearance of scheduled and non-scheduled flights of such operators
        • Approval of institutes engaged in flying training including simulator training, AME training, air traffic services training or any other training related with aviation, with a view to ensuring a high quality of training
        • Approval to aircraft maintenance, repair, design and manufacturing organizations and their continued oversight
        • A nodal agency for implementing Annex 9 provisions in India and for coordinating matters relating to facilitation at Indian airports, including holding meetings of the National Facilitation Committee DGCA Organisation Manual
        • Rendering advice to the Government on matters relating to air transport including bilateral air services agreements, on ICAO matters and generally on all technical matters relating to civil aviation, and to act as an overall regulatory and developmental body for civil aviation in the country
        • Keeping a check on aircraft noise and engine emissions in accordance with ICAO Annex 16 and collaborating with the environmental authorities in this matter, if required
        • Regulation and oversight of matters related to Air Navigation Services. Coordination at national level for flexi-use of air space by civil and military air traffic agencies and interaction with ICAO for provision of more air routes for civil use through Indian airspace
        • Promoting indigenous design and manufacture of aircraft and aircraft components by acting as a catalytic agent
        • Approving training programmes of operators for carriage of dangerous goods, issuing authorizations for carriage of dangerous goods, etc.
        • Safety Oversight of all entities approved/ certified/ licensed under the Aircraft Rules 1937.

    2.   REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE ACT, 1951(Indian Polity)

    • News: The Election Commission (EC) has sent a notice to Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren over an office-of-profit charge against him for allotment of a mining lease in his name last year.
    • About Representation of the People Act, 1951:
      • The Representation of the People Act, 1951 is an act of Parliament of India to provide for the conduct of election of the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State, the qualifications and disqualifications for membership of those Houses, the corrupt practices and other offences at or in connection with such elections and the decision of doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with such elections.
      • It was introduced in Parliament by law minister Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
      • The Act was enacted by the provisional parliament under Article 327 of Indian Constitution, before the first general election.
      • An elected constituent assembly was set up on 9 December 1946 to frame the constitution.
      • Most of the articles of the constitution came into force on 26 January 1950, commonly known as the Republic Day.
      • Part XXI of the constitution contained the translational provisions.
      • Articles 379 and 394 of Part XXI which contained provisions for provisional parliament and other articles which contained provisions like citizenship, came into force on 26 November 1949, the date on which the constitution was adopted.
      • The provisional parliament enacted the Act vide Act No.43 of 1951 for the first general election conducted on 25 October 1951.
      • The basic qualification to represent the people is Indian citizenship and not disqualified to vote under section 16 of the Representation of People Act, 1950 read with Part II and VII of this act.

    3.   OFFICAL LANGUAGE(Indian Polity)

    • News: Under Article 343 of the Constitution, the official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.
    • About Official Language:
      • Under Article 343 of the Constitution, the official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.
      • The international form of Indian numerals will be used for official purposes.
      • For a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, the English language shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the Union for which it was being used immediately before such commencement:
      • Provided that the President may, during the said period, by order authorise the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union.
      • Parliament may by law provide for the use, after the said period of fifteen years of:
        • The English language, or
        • The Devanagari form of numerals,
      • The President shall, at the expiration of five years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of ten years from such commencement, by order constitute a Commission which shall consist of a Chairman and such other members representing the different languages specified in the Eighth Schedule as the President may appoint, and the order shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission.
      • It shall be the duty of the Commission to make recommendations to the President as to:
        • The progressive use of the Hindi language for the official purposes of the Union;
        • Restrictions on the use of the English language for all or any of the official purposes of the Union;
        • The language to be used for all or any of the purposes mentioned in article 348;
        • The form of numerals to be used for any one or more specified purposes of the Union;
        • Any other matter referred to the Commission by the President as regards the official language of the Union and the language for communication between the Union and a State or between one State and another and their use.

     

    MCQ FOR PRACTICE

    1. Consider the following statements regarding Directorate General of Civil Aviation
    2. It registers all aircrafts in India, including military aircrafts
    3. Licenses to pilots are issued by it

    Choose the correct option from below

    a. Only 1

    b. Only 2

    c. Both 1 and 2

    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    2. Consider the following statements regarding the Indian Political system

    1. Representatives of Peoples Act 1951 was introduced in Parliament by law minister Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
    2. An elected constituent assembly was set up on December 1946 to frame the constitution.

    Choose the correct option from below

    a. Only 1

    b. Only 2

    c. Both 1 and 2

    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    3. The Official Language of Union is written as Hindi in Devnagri Script in which of the following Article of the Constitution:

    a. Article 343

    b. Article 334

    c. Article 123

    d. Article 312

     

     

    1. B 2. C 3. A