geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 31st May 2022

    1.    GOA STATEHOOD 

    • News: Statehood day of Goa celebrated; became 25th state of India on May 30, 1987
    • Details:
      • Goa achieved its statehood from a Union Territory alongside Daman and Diu on May 30, 1987, to become the 25th state of India.
      • Portuguese Capital In Asia The first fleet of Portuguese travellers arrived in the South of Goa in 1505, and they merely established a naval point in the Indian subcontinent at that time.
      • The prosperity of Goa began when the second Viceroy, Admiral Afonso de Albuquerque, was appointed.
      • He made Goa not just a fortified port colony but the capital of the Portuguese kingdom in Asia among its settlements in other parts of India, Indonesia, East Timor, the Persian Gulf and some parts of China and Japan.
      • The Portuguese ruled over Goan territory for over four centuries. Goa became the epicentre of Portuguese India’s trade, naval activities, and commercial culture.
      • Interestingly, Albuquerque and its successors did not interfere in Goans’ rituals and cultural practices in as many as 30 villages, except for banning sati.
      • The then Governor of Goa (1563) decided to give Goa a seat in the Portuguese Parliament to represent all Portuguese colonies in the East. However, that was not approved.
      • Instead, Goa was allotted the same civilian privileges as the Portuguese capital, Lisbon.

    2.    NATIONAL HEALTH AUTHORITY

    • News: NHA (National Health Authority) launches public dashboard for Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission.
    • About National Health Authority (NHA):
      • The National Health Authority or the NHA is responsible for implementing India’s flagship public health insurance/assurance scheme Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY).
      • NHA has been set-up to implement the PM-JAY at the national level. In the States, SHAs or State Health Agencies in the form of a society/trust have been set up with full operational autonomy over the implementation of this scheme including extending the coverage to non SECC beneficiaries.
      • The NHA is governed by a Governing Board chaired by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; and is headed by a full-time Chief Executive Officer (CEO) supported by Deputy CEO and Executive Directors.

    3.    CARBON NEUTRALITY 

    • News: Govt aims to cut power output from at least 81 coal-fired plants over 4 years.
    • About Carbon Neutrality:
      • Carbon neutrality means having a balance between emitting carbon and absorbing carbon from the atmosphere in carbon sinks. Removing carbon oxide from the atmosphere and then storing it is known as carbon sequestration. In order to achieve net zero emissions, all worldwide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will have to be counterbalanced by carbon sequestration.
      • To date, no artificial carbon sinks are able to remove carbon from the atmosphere on the necessary scale to fight global warming.
      • The carbon stored in natural sinks such as forests is released into the atmosphere through forest fires, changes in land use or logging. This is why it is essential to reduce carbon emissions in order to reach climate neutrality.