geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 31st January 2022

    1.   PEGASUS ISSUE

    • News: The Budget session of Parliament, which begins on Monday, is expected to start on a stormy note as the Opposition is all set to corner the Narendra Modi government over the latest revelations in the Pegasus spyware issue.
    • Detail:
      • Congress leader in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury wrote to Speaker Om Birla to demand a privilege motion against Information Technology (IT) Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw for “deliberately misleading the House on the Pegasus issue”.
      • Chowdhury cited a report in the New York Times that claimed that the Modi government had purchased the Pegasus spyware from the Israeli group, NSO, in July 2017.
      • Making a statement on the Pegasus issue, the IT Minister had told Parliament that “no unauthorised surveillance can occur”.
    • About Budget:
      • A budget is a financial plan for a defined period, often one year.
      • It may also include planned sales volumes and revenues, resource quantities, costs and expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows. Companies, governments, families, and other organizations use it to express strategic plans of activities or events in measurable terms.
      • A budget is the sum of finances allocated for a particular purpose and the summary of intended expenditures along with proposals for how to meet them.
      • It may include a budget surplus, providing money for use at a future time, or a deficit in which expenses exceed income.

    2.   GEHRI DOSTI, SAYS ISRAEL PM ABOUT TIES WITH INDIA

    • News: Israel and India have a “gehri dosti” (deep friendship), Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett has said and thanked his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, for his “deep commitment” to the “strong and robust friendship”.
    • Detail:
      • Describing the opportunities of collaboration between the two countries as “endless”, Mr. Bennett, in a special video message released on Saturday evening, stressed that “the ties between Israel and India are strong and together they will only grow stronger”, as the two nations celebrated 30 years of establishment of diplomatic relations.
      • “Israel and India have a “gehri dosti”, Deep Friendship. Today we honour 30 years of diplomatic relations between Israel and India.
      • Thirty years of a wonderful partnership, a deep cultural connection, and military and economic cooperation,”.

    3.   ANOTHER BRAHMOS DEAL IN THE PIPELINE

    • News: While the Philippines signed a $375 million deal for BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles last week to be operated by the Philippines Marines, there is another long-pending deal under discussion for BrahMos missiles for the Philippines Army, which could see progress in the near future, according to defence and diplomatic sources.
    • Details:
      • In an ironic situation, while India has signed its biggest defence export contract with the Philippines, it does not have a full-fledged Defence Attaché (DA) at its embassy in Manila. The proposal for increasing the number of DAs at several Indian missions abroad, including the Philippines, has been pending for some time.
      • “The Marines deal is done, next will be of the Philippines Army. The Philippines Army (PA) will push through with the project,” two diplomatic sources stated.
      • Acquisition of BrahMos by the PA is programmed in the Horizon 3 Modernization programme of Philippines (Year 2023-2027), one of the sources stated.
      • This deal was in the works before the Philippines Marines, which is under the Navy, initiated its project but got delayed and was held in abeyance.
      • Philippines Defence Secretary Delfin Lorenzana had stated in December 2019 that the PA was looking to procure two BrahMos missile batteries.
      • Earlier, in 2019 the PA had activated its first land-based missile unit under the its Army Artillery Regiment in preparation to induct the BrahMos.
      • In the absence of a full-fledged DA at the embassy in Manila, the DA at the Indian mission in Singapore currently functions as a non-resident DA to the Philippines.