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The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


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    Current Affairs – 30th September 2021

    1.     NIPAH VIRUS

    • News: Nipah virus antibodies (IgG antibodies) were detected in bat samples collected by the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, from Kodiyathoor and Thamarassery in Kozhikode district near the panchayat where a Nipah infection was confirmed last month.
    • About Nipah Virus:
      • A Nipah virus infection is a viral infection caused by the Nipah virus.
      • Symptoms from infection vary from none to fever, cough, headache, shortness of breath, and confusion.
      • This may worsen into a coma over a day or two, and 50 to 75% of those infected die.
      • Complications can include inflammation of the brain and seizures following recovery.
      • The Nipah virus (NiV) is a type of RNA virus in the genus Henipavirus.
      • The virus normally circulates among some fruit bats.
      • It can both spread between people and from other animals to people.

    2.     JAHANPANAH

    • News: The crumbling domes of Begumpur Masjid have been crying out for help.
    • About Jahanpanah:
      • Jahanpanah was the fourth medieval city of Delhi established in 1326–1327 by Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1325–51), of the Delhi Sultanate.
      • To address the constant threat of the Mongols, Tughlaq built the fortified city of Jahanpanah (meaning in Persian: “Refuge of the World”) subsuming the Adilabad fort that had been built in the 14th century and also all the establishments lying between Qila Rai Pithora and Siri Fort.
      • Neither the city nor the fort has survived.
      • Many reasons have been offered for such a situation.
      • One of which is stated as the idiosyncratic rule of Mohammed bin Tughlaq when inexplicably he shifted the capital to Daulatabad in the Deccan and came back to Delhi soon after.


    • News: The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), chaired by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, on Wednesday accorded approval to capital acquisition proposals of the three Services estimated at approximately ₹13,165 crore.
    • Details:
      • Looking into the need of the Indian Army for an Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) squadron, to improve its integral lift capability ensuring its operational preparedness, the DAC accorded acceptance of necessity (AoN) for procurement of 25 advanced light helicopters (ALH)-Mark III helicopters from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under Buy Indian-IDDM at an approximate cost of ₹3,850 crore.
      • To give a boost to indigenous design and development of ammunition, the DAC approved the procurement of terminally guided munition (TGM) and rocket ammunition under buy (Indian-IDDM) category at an approximate cost of ₹4,962 crore from domestic sources, the statement noted.
      • The DAC also approved a few amendments to the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP), 2020, as part of business process re-engineering to ensure further ease of doing business for the industry as well as measures to enhance procurement efficiency and reduce the timelines.
    • About Defence Acquisition Council (DAC):
      • The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) is the highest decision-making body in the Defence Ministry for deciding on new policies and capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard.
      • The Minister of Defence is the Chairman of the Council.
      • It was formed, after the Group of Ministers recommendations on ‘Reforming the National Security System’, in 2001, post Kargil War (1999).


    • News: The Indian Navy and the Australian Navy on Wednesday signed the ‘Terms of Reference’ (ToR) for the conduct of the navy to navy talks under the framework of the ‘Joint Guidance for the India-Australia Navy to Navy Relationship’ document, signed by the two Navy Chiefs in August. This is the first such document signed by the Indian Navy with any country.
    • Details:
      • The document set the navy to navy talks as the principal medium for guiding the bilateral cooperation.
      • The document would be pivotal in consolidating the shared commitment to promoting peace, security, stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region.
      • The ToR detailed the modalities for engagement at various levels between the two navies and streamlined the process.

    5.     TUNISIA

    • News: Tunisia’s President on Wednesday named geologist Najla Bouden as the country’s first ever woman Prime Minister-designate, to form a government with limited executive clout after the President seized wide-ranging powers two months ago.
    • Map:


    • Railways to be doubled: Nimach-Ratlam (Madhya Pradesh) railway line as well as of the Rajkot-Kanalus (Gujarat) railway line will be doubled.