Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 2nd November 2020


    • News: Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal on Sunday inaugurated the U-turn flyover near DLF Cyber City on National Highway-48 here through videoconference in Karnal, coinciding with Haryana Day.
    • About National Highway numbering:
      • On 28 April 2010, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways officially published a new numbering system for the National Highway network in the Gazette of the Government of India.
      • It is a systematic numbering scheme based on the orientation and the geographic location of the highway. This was adopted to ensure more flexibility and consistency in the numbering of existing and new national highways.
      • As per the new numbering system:
      • All north-south oriented highways will have even numbers increasing from the east to the west
      • All east-west oriented highways will have odd numbers increasing from the north to the south
      • All major Highways will be single digit or double digit in number
      • Three-digit numbered highways are secondary routes or branches of a main highway. The secondary route number is prefixed to the number of the main highway. For example 244, 344 etc. will be the branches of the main NH44
      • Suffixes A, B, C, D etc. are added to the three-digit sub highways to indicate very small spin-offs or stretches of sub-highways


    • News: India on Sunday slammed Pakistan for its attempt to accord provincial status to the “so-called Gilgit-Baltistan”, saying it is intended to camouflage the “illegal” occupation of the region by Islamabad.
    • Map work of Pakistan:


    • News: The Border Security Force and the Odisha police have set up a Company Operating Base (COB) at Gurasethu, dubbed the “ideological headquarters” of the outlawed CPI(Maoist), in Swabhiman Anchal along the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border.
    • Details:
      • Gurasethu was once known to be the heartland of the CPI (Maoist). The ultras used to conduct training and other activities without fear, as the place was not easily accessible. Security forces had to trek to reach the place.
      • Swabhiman Anchal, erstwhile a cut-off area, has been the bastion of the CPI(Maoist). This area remained cut off from Malkangiri till the Gurupriya river bridge was constructed in 2018.
      • Malkangiri has been one of the worst-affected districts with 332 Maoist incidents recorded between 2008 and 2020. These claimed the lives of 101 civilians and 77 security personnel. The cut-off area itself witnessed the killing of 25 civilians and 49 security personnel, including five BSF officers. After the construction of the bridge, the forces gradually started moving in and so did the administration.
    • About Red Corridor of India:
      • The Red Corridor is the region in the eastern, central and the southern parts of India that experience considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency.
      • The Naxalite group mainly consists of the armed cadres of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
      • These are also areas that suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and overpopulation in modern India, and span parts of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, and West Bengal and eastern Uttar Pradesh states.
      • All forms of Naxalite organisations have been declared as terrorist organizations under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of India (1967).
      • The Red Corridor is almost contiguous from India’s border with Nepal to the absolute northernmost fringes of Tamil Nadu. There is, however, a significant gap consisting of coastal and some central areas in Odisha state, where Naxalite activity is low and indices of literacy and economic diversification are higher.