Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 2nd March 2022

    1.    GIG ECONOMY

    • News: Are Indian women’s footprints increasing rapidly in gig economy?
    • About Gig Economy:
      • Gig workers are independent contractors, online platform workers, contract firm workers, on-call workers and temporary workers.
      • Gig workers enter into formal agreements with on-demand companies to provide services to the company’s clients.
      • India’s new labour laws for gig workers:
      • The Central government proposes to universalise benefits in health and maternity matters, life and disability cover, etc. The state government is supposed to ensure the workers’ benefits like provident fund, skill upgradation, and housing.
      • There is also no data available with the Centre on how many gig workers are currently operating in India, some independent estimates put the number near 130 million workers.
        He or she is directed to submit self-declaration electronically or otherwise and other documents including the Aadhaar card.
      • The central government may also nominate five representatives of gig and platform workers to the National Social Security Board.
      • In addition, the codes mandate the aggregators, or the employers in the case of gig workers, to contribute a specified percentage of the turnover towards a social security fund for the welfare of the unorganised sector.


    • News: With tensions escalating between Russia and the West over the Ukraine crisis, India, which has major defence cooperation with Moscow and Kyiv, faces uncertainty over timely deliveries in the near future in addition to the lingering threat of the U.S. sanctions under CAATSA (Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act) over the S-400 deal.
    • About CAATSA:
      • The Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) is a United States federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea, and Russia.
      • The bill was passed by the Senate on 27 July 2017, 98–2, after it passed the House 419–3.
      • The bill was signed into law on 2 August 2017 by President Donald Trump, who stated that he believed the legislation was “seriously flawed”.


    • News: Top guard A CRPF guard keeping watch at the Sankaracharya temple in Srinagar on Sivaratri
    • About Shankrayacharya Temple:
      • Shankaracharya Temple or Jyeshteshwara Temple is a Hindu temple situated on top of the Shankaracharya Hill on the Zabarwan Range in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
      • It is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
      • The temple is at a height of 1,000 feet (300 m) above the valley floor and overlooks the city of Srinagar.
      • On festivals such as Herath, as Maha Shivratri is known as in the region, the temple is visited by Kashmiri Hindus.
      • The temple is also considered as a Buddhist icon, and with the hill which has had multiple names over the centuries, is connected to the Persian and Muslim faith as well.
      • The temple and adjacent land is a monument of national importance, centrally protected under the Archaeological Survey of India. Dharmarth Trust has managed the temple since the 19th century, along with others in the region.
      • The structure is considered as the oldest temple in Kashmir, historically and traditionally. It is situated on a hill that is a well preserved Panjal trap formed by Permian era volcanic activity. There is no consensus with regard to an exact date of construction.
      • The earliest historical reference to the hill comes from Kalhana.
      • Kashmiri Hindus strongly believe the temple was visited by Adi Shankara (8th century CE) and has ever since been associated with him; this is how the temple and hill got the name Shankaracharya.

    4.    GEOTAGGING

    • News: The long-delayed project to geotag all Waqf properties across the country that began in 2017 under the Union Ministry of Minority Affairs’ “Quami Waqf Boards Taraqqiati Scheme” has yet again revised its deadline from March 2022 to November 2023.
    • About Geotagging:
      • Geotagging, or GeoTagging, is the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as a geotagged photograph or video, websites, SMS messages, QR Codes or RSS feeds and is a form of geospatial metadata.
      • This data usually consists of latitude and longitude coordinates, though they can also include altitude, bearing, distance, accuracy data, and place names, and perhaps a time stamp.
      • Geotagging can help users find a wide variety of location-specific information from a device. For instance, someone can find images taken near a given location by entering latitude and longitude coordinates into a suitable image search engine. Geotagging-enabled information services can also potentially be used to find location-based news, websites, or other resources.
      • Geotagging can tell users the location of the content of a given picture or other media or the point of view, and conversely on some media platforms show media relevant to a given location.
      • The geographical location data used in geotagging can, in almost every case, be derived from the global positioning system, and based on a latitude/longitude-coordinate system that presents each location on the earth from 180° west through 180° east along the Equator and 90° north through 90° south along the prime meridian.