geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 29th December 2021

    1.    APTANI TEXTILE AND GI TAG

    • News: An application seeking Geographical Indication (GI) tag for the Arunachal Pradesh Apatani textile product has been filed by a firm, Zeet Zeero Producer Company Ltd.
    • About Aptani Textile:
      • The Apatani weave comes from the Apatani tribe of Arunachal Pradesh living at Ziro, the headquarters of lower Subansiri district.
      • The woven fabric of this tribe is known for its geometric and zigzag patterns and also for its angular designs.
      • The Apatani community weaves its own textiles for various occasions, including rituals and cultural festivals.
      • The tribe predominantly weaves shawls known as jig-jiro and jilan or jackets called supuntarii.
      • The people here use different leaves and plant resources for organic dying the cotton yarns in their traditional ways. And only women folk are engaged in weaving.
      • The traditional handloom of this tribe is a type of loin loom, which is called Chichin, and is similar to the traditional handloom of the Nyishi tribe.
      • It is portable, easy to install and operated by a single weaver, especially the female member of the community.
    • About Geographical Indication:
      • A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g., a town, region, or country).
      • The use of a geographical indication, as an indication of the product’s source, acts as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a good reputation due to its geographical origin.
      • Geographical indications and trademarks are distinctive signs used to distinguish goods or services in the marketplace. Both convey information about the origin of a good or service, and enable consumers to associate a particular quality with a good or service.
      • Trademarks inform consumers about the source of a good or service. They identify a good or service as originating from a particular company. Trademarks help consumers associate a good or service with a specific quality or reputation, based on information about the company responsible for producing or offering it.
      • Geographical indications identify a good as originating from a particular place. Based on its place of origin, consumers may associate a good with a particular quality, characteristic or reputation.
      • A trademark often consists of an arbitrary sign that may be used by its owner or another person authorized to do so. A trademark can be assigned or licensed to anyone, anywhere in the world, because it is linked to a specific company and not to a particular place.
      • In contrast, the sign used to denote a geographical indication usually corresponds to the name of the place of origin of the good, or to the name by which the good is known in that place.
      • A geographical indication may be used by all persons who, in the area of origin, produce the good according to specified standards. However, because of its link with the place of origin, a geographical indication cannot be assigned or licensed to someone outside that place or not belonging to the group of authorized producers.

    2.    INDIAN COUNCIL FOR CULTURAL RELATIONS

    • News: The Ministry of Civil Aviation has written to Indian airlines and airports in the country asking them to play Indian music following a request from the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).
    • About Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR):
      • The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), is an autonomous organisation of the Government of India, involved in India’s global cultural relations, through cultural exchange with other countries and their people.
      • It was founded on 9 April 1950 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of independent India.
      • The Council addresses its mandate of cultural diplomacy through a broad range of activities.
      • In addition to organising cultural festivals in India and overseas, the ICCR financially supports a number of cultural institutions across India, and sponsors individual performers in dance, music, photography, theatre, and the visual arts.
      • It also administers the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding, established by the Government of India in 1965, whose last award was in 2009.

    3.    DRUGS CONTROLLER GENERAL OF INDIA

    • News: Cipla, Sun Pharma and Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories were among pharma firms that on Tuesday announced the launch of molnupiravir capsules to treat COVID-19. Their announcement followed the emergency use authorisation for the oral anti-viral drug from the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI).
    • About Drugs Controller General of India:
      • Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) is the head of department of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization of the Government of India responsible for approval of licences of specified categories of drugs such as blood and blood products, IV fluids, vaccines, and sera in India.
      • Drugs Controller General of India, comes under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
      • DCGI also sets standards for manufacturing, sales, import, and distribution of drugs in India.
      • DCGI lays down the standard and quality of manufacturing, selling, import and distribution of drugs in India:
        • Preparation and maintenance of national reference standard.
        • To bring about the uniformity in the enforcement of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.
        • Training of Drug Analysts deputed by State Drug Control Laboratories and other Institutions
        • Analysis of Cosmetics received as survey samples from CDSCO (central drug standard control organisation)

    4.    ASSAM RIFLES

    • News: The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), on a reference from the State government, has taken over the probe into an alleged recruitment scam in the Assam Rifles involving its personnel, doctors, and one middleman.
    • About Assam Rifles:
      • The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force of the Indian Army, dating back to 1835 under the British Raj, raised under the name Cachar Levy. The present name of “Assam Rifles” has been used since 1917.
      • Similar to the Rashtriya Rifles in Jammu and Kashmir, in the Northeastern States the Assam Rifles is the specialised force that carries out anti-insurgency operations in difficult terrain of the region.
      • Over the course of its history, the Assam Rifles have served in a number of roles, conflicts and theatres including World War I, where they served in Europe and the Middle East, and World War II, where they served mainly in Burma. After the Chinese annexation of Tibet, the Assam Rifles were tasked with manning the Tibetan border of Assam Himalayan region. They were also instrumental in maintaining law and order in Arunachal Pradesh.
      • It is the only paramilitary force with a dual control structure. While the administrative control of the force is with the MHA, its operational control is with the Indian Army, which is under the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
      • This means that salaries and infrastructure for the force is provided by the MHA, but the deployment, posting, transfer and deputation of the personnel is decided by the Army.
      • All its senior ranks, from DG to IG and sector headquarters are manned by officers from the Army. The force is commanded by Lieutenant General from the Indian Army.
      • There are currently 46 battalions of Assam Rifles with a sanctioned strength of 63,747 personnel.

    5.    JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE

    • News: The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), hurled into space by the Ariane 5 rocket will now be able to observe the farthest reaches of the universe without any atmospheric turbulence.
    • About James Webb Space Telescope:
      • The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a space telescope developed by NASA with contributions from the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).
      • The telescope is named after James E. Webb, who was the administrator of NASA from 1961 to 1968 and played an integral role in the Apollo program.
      • It is intended to succeed the Hubble Space Telescope as NASA’s flagship mission in astrophysics.
      • JWST was launched on 25 December 2021 on Ariane flight VA256.
      • It is designed to provide improved infrared resolution and sensitivity over Hubble, and will enable a broad range of investigations across the fields of astronomy and cosmology, including observations of some of the most distant events and objects in the Universe such as the formation of the first galaxies, and allowing detailed atmospheric characterization of potentially habitable exoplanets.
      • The primary mirror of JWST, the Optical Telescope Element, consists of 18 hexagonal mirror segments made of gold-plated beryllium, which combine to create a 6.5 m (21 ft)-diameter mirror – considerably larger than Hubble’s 2.4 m (7.9 ft) mirror.