geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 28th December 2021

    1.     FOREIGN CONTRIBUTION (REGULATION) ACT 2010

    • News: The Union Home Ministry said on Monday that it had refused to renew the FCRA registration of Missionaries of Charity (MoC), a Catholic religious congregation set up by Nobel laureate Mother Teresa, as “some adverse inputs were noticed”. The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) registration is mandatory for any NGO or association to receive foreign funds or donations.
    • About Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act 2010:
      • The Foreign Contribution (regulation) Act, 2010 is an act of the Parliament of India, by the 42nd Act of 2010.
      • It is a consolidating act whose scope is to regulate the acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies and to prohibit acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to the national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
      • The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2020, which made several changes to the existing Act, including making it mandatory for office bearers of any non-governmental organisation (NGO) to provide their Aadhaar numbers.
      • It also gives the government the power to hold a “summary enquiry” to prevent an organization from using foreign funds.
      • These changes were intended to increase transparency regarding the use of foreign money for non-governmental organisations.
    • About Mother Teresa:
      • Mother Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu honoured in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
      • She was born in Skopje (now the capital of North Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.
      • After living in Skopje for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.
      • Teresa received a number of honours, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.

    2.     AIR QUALITY INDEX AND CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD

    • News: Air quality of the city improved to the ‘poor’ category on Monday, after being in the ‘severe’ category for six consecutive days, as per official data.
    • About Air Quality Index:
      • Air Quality is measured using a metric called Air Quality Index (AQI). AQI will display the changes in air pollution in the atmosphere.  Clean air is extremely important to maintain good health and the environment. Our atmosphere is predominantly made up of 2 important gases that are vital for life on earth, these are Oxygen and Nitrogen. AQI keeps a tab on 8 major air pollutants in the atmosphere namely,
        • Particulate Matter (PM10)
        • Particulate Matter (PM2.5)
        • Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
        • Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)
        • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
        • Ozone (O3)
        • Ammonia (NH3)
        • Lead (Pb)
      • National Air Quality Index was launched in 2014 to measure the air quality in terms of six categories:
        • Good
        • Satisfactory
        • Moderately Polluted
        • Poor
        • Very Poor and
        • Severe
      • About Central Pollution Control Board:
        • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Mo.E.F.C.C.).
        • It was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act, 1974.
        • The CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
        • It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
        • It Co-ordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them. It is the apex organization in country in the field of pollution control, as a technical wing of MoEFCC.
        • CPCB has its head office in New Delhi, with seven zonal offices and 5 laboratories.
        • The board conducts environmental assessments and research. It is responsible for maintaining national standards under a variety of environmental laws, in consultation with zonal offices, tribal, and local governments.
        • It has responsibilities to conduct monitoring of water and air quality, and maintains monitoring data.

    3.     NAGASWARAM

    • News: It is still in good condition and Chitrai Nayakar, a nagaswaram player and owner of the instrument, is said to have played it at the wedding of national poet Subramania Bharathi.
    • About Nagaswaram:
      • It is a double reed wind instrument from South India . It is used as a traditional classical instrument in Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala.
      • This instrument is “among the world’s loudest non-brass acoustic instruments”.
      • It is a wind instrument partially similar to the North Indian shehnai but much longer, with a hardwood body and a large flaring bell made of wood or metal.