Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 26th October 2020


    • News: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday inaugurated three projects in his home State of Gujarat — one each related to farmers’ welfare, healthcare, and tourism development — via video-conferencing from New Delhi.
    • About Mount Girnar:
      • Girinar is one of the most ancient Hindu and Jain kshetras in India.
      • Lord Dattatreya performed penance at the top of the hill. Also a kshetra where 22nd Tirthankar Lord Neminath attained Nirvana (a major kshetra for Jains).
      • People have to climb 10,000 (ten thousand) steps to have Neminath/Datta paduka darshan.
      • The group temples of Jainism are also situated on the Mount Girnar situated near Junagadh in Junagadh district, Gujarat, India.
      • There temples are sacred to the Digambara and the Svetambara branches of Jainism.
      • Mount Girnar is a major igneous plutonic complex which intruded into the basalts towards the close of the Deccan Trap period.
    • About Tirthankara:
      • In Jainism, a Tirthankara is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).
      • The word tirthankara signifies the founder of a tirtha, which is a fordable passage across the sea of interminable births and deaths, the saṃsāra.
      • According to Jains, a Tirthankara is an individual who has conquered the saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth, on their own, and made a path for others to follow.
      • After understanding the true nature of the self or soul, the Tīrthaṅkara attains Kevala Jnana (omniscience).
      • Tirthankara provides a bridge for others to follow the new teacher from saṃsāra to Mahaviraswami (liberation).
      • In Jain cosmology, the wheel of time is divided in two halves, Utsarpiṇī or ascending time cycle and avasarpiṇī, the descending time cycle (said to be current now). In each half of the cosmic time cycle, exactly twenty-four tirthankaras grace this part of the universe.


    • News: A recent study on the Himalayan brown bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus) has predicted a significant reduction in suitable habitat and biological corridors of the species due to climate change, prompting scientists to suggest an adaptive spatial planning of the protected area network in the western Himalayas for conserving the species.
    • About Himalayan Brown Bear:
      • The Himalayan brown bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus) is a subspecies of the brown bear and is known from northern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, northern India, west China and Nepal.
      • It is the largest mammal in the region.
      • The Himalayan Brown Bear has been listed as Critically endangered by the IUCN. Though it is Endangered in the Himalayas and Critically Endangered only in Hindu Kush.


    • News: Sudan and Israel agreed on Friday to normalise relations, in a U.S.-brokered deal to end decades of hostility that was widely welcomed but stirred Palestinian anger.
    • Details:
      • The announcement makes Sudan, technically at war with Israel since its 1948 foundation, the third Arab country to forge diplomatic relations with the Jewish state in the last two months.
      • Other two being UAE and Bahrain.
      • Other U.S. allies, including Germany, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, welcomed the deal as a boost to stability in the West Asia.