Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 25th April 2022


    • News: The All-India Household Consumer Expenditure Survey, usually conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO) every five years, is set to resume this year after a prolonged break.
    • Details:
      • India has not had any official estimates on per capita household spending, used to arrive at estimates of poverty levels in different parts of the country and to review economic indicators such as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), since 2011-12.
      • The government had junked the findings of the last Survey, conducted in 2017-18, citing “data quality” issues.
      • Typically, the Survey is conducted between July and June and this year’s exercise is expected to be completed by June 2023.
      • Estimates of household monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE) and the distribution of households and persons over different MPCE classes, based on the Survey, may only become available about a year after the field work is completed.
      • The results will include separate data sets for rural and urban parts, and also splice spending patterns for each State and Union Territory, as well as different socio-economic groups.


    • News: Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” initiative in the past eight years had been to reduce distances, whether ‘Dilli ki doorian’ or “cultural or linguistic distances”, while drawing a parallel to the sweetness and richness of Dogri language and culture.
    • About Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat:
      • Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” was announced by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 31st October, 2015 on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
      • Through this innovative measure, the knowledge of the culture, traditions and practices of different States & UTs will lead to an enhanced understanding and bonding between the States, thereby strengthening the unity and integrity of India.
      • All States and UTs will be covered under the programme.
      • There will be pairing of States/UTs at national level and these pairings will be in effect for one year, or till the next round of pairings.
      • The State/UT level pairings would be utilized for state level activities.
      • District level pairings would be independent of the State level pairings.
      • The activity will be very useful to link various States and Districts in annual programmes that will connect people through exchanges in areas of culture, tourism, language, education trade etc. and citizens will be able to experience the cultural diversity of a much larger number of States/UTs while realising that India is one.
      • The broad objectives of the initiative are as follows:
        • To CELEBRATE the Unity in Diversity of our Nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our Country;
        • PROMOTE the spirit of national integration through a deep and structured engagement between all Indian States and Union Territories through a year-long planned engagement between States;
        • To SHOWCASE the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either State for enabling people to understand and appreciate the diversity that is India, thus fostering a sense of common identity;
        • TO ESTABLISH long-term engagements and
        • TO CREATE an environment which promotes learning between States by sharing best practices and experiences.
      • Themes
        • To celebrate the idea of India as a nation wherein different cultural units across varied geographies coalesce and interact with each other, this glorious manifestation of diverse cuisine, music, dance, theatre, movies & films, handicrafts, sports, literature, festivals, painting, sculpture etc. will enable people to imbibe the innate chord of binding and brotherhood.
        • To make our people aware about the seamless integral hull of the Modern Indian State spread across a landmass of 32 lakh sq. km, on whose firm foundations, the geo-political strength of the country is ensured benefitting one and all.
        • To impress upon people at large about the increasing inter-connectedness between the constituents of various cultural & economic zones which is so vital for the spirit of nation building.
        • To induce a sense of responsibility & ownership for the nation as a whole through these close cross-cultural interactions as it intends to build up the inter-dependence matrix unequivocally.
        • To further promote inter-state travel for boosting business activities of various hues.
        • To create a learning ecosystem between the various stakeholders of the partnering states so that they benefit from the best practices of one another by establishing a State to State Connect.

    3.    EARTH DAY

    • News: The Aravalli Bachao Citizens Movement commemorated Earth Day in the forest behind Suncity over the weekend with a clean-up drive in the neighourhood forest patch of Arvallis and meditation and quiz sessions.
    • About Earth Day:
      • Earth Day is an annual event on April 22 to demonstrate support for environmental protection.
      • First held on April 22, 1970, it now includes a wide range of events coordinated globally by (formerly Earth Day Network) including 1 billion people in more than 193 countries.
      • The official theme for 2022 is Invest In Our Planet.
      • In 1969 at a UNESCO Conference in San Francisco, peace activist John McConnell proposed a day to honor the Earth and the concept of peace, to first be observed on March 21, 1970, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere.
      • The Earth Day 2022 theme is Invest in Our Planet and features five primary programs: The Great Global Cleanup, Sustainable Fashion, Climate and Environmental Literacy, Canopy Project, Food and Environment, and the Global Earth Challenge.


    • News: The inaugural of “The Commission for Dialogue” with the United Kingdom on the Falkland Islands has run into rough weather as members of the commission from the BJP declined to attend the event after the party expressed uneasiness over the launch just two days after hosting U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
    • Map:
    • About the Issue:
      • Controversy exists over the Falklands’ discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans.
      • At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833, but Argentina maintains its claim to the islands.
      • In April 1982, Argentine military forces invaded the islands. British administration was restored two months later at the end of the Falklands War.
      • Almost all Falklanders have voted in favour of the archipelago remaining a UK overseas territory.
      • The territory’s sovereignty status is part of an ongoing dispute between Argentina and the United Kingdom.
      • The United Kingdom and Argentina both assert sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
      • The UK bases its position on its continuous administration of the islands since 1833 and the islanders’ “right to self-determination as set out in the UN Charter”.
      • Argentina claims that, when it achieved independence in 1816, it acquired the Falklands from Spain.