News: Shaji N.M., fondly called ‘Tuber Man of Kerala’ has been awarded the India Biodiversity Award 2021 in the individual category of ‘Conservation of domesticated species’. Mr. Shaji, who conserves a wide array of around 200 tuber crops, including greater yam, lesser yam, elephant foot yam, arrow root, colocasia, sweet potato, cassava and Chinese potato, at his farm in Wayanad, has received State awards seven times for his efforts.
About India Biodiversity Awards:
India is one of the mega-diverse countries in the world and home to nearly eight percent of the world’s total recorded species of plants and animals. Across the country, people, communities and governments have played an outstanding and innovative role in conserving India’s rich heritage.
Government of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in association with UNDP India, therefore, started the India Biodiversity Awards in 2012, to recognise excellence in biodiversity governance across the country.
Conservation of wild species –There will be two awards in this category – one each for the enterprise of individuals and institutions working for the conservation, management and restoration of wild species and their habitats. Individuals and Institutions – working for the conservation of wild floral and faunal species, for the last 5 years shall be eligible to apply for this Award.
Conservation of domesticated species –There will be two awards in this category – one each for the enterprise of individuals and institutions working for the conservation, management and restoration of domesticated species and their habitats. Individuals and Institutions – working for the conservation of domesticated floral and faunal species, for the last 5 years shall be eligible to apply for this Award.
Sustainable use of biological resources – There will be two awards in this category – one each for the enterprise of individuals and institutions intended to recognize their endeavours for sustainable use of biological resources and efficient natural resource management. Individuals and Institutions working for the sustainable use of biological resources for last 5 years shall be eligible for this award.
Replicable mechanisms for access and benefit sharing – There will be one award in this category aimed at honouring individuals/ institutions whose projects augmented noteworthy monetary and non-monetary equitable sharing of benefits by communities and stakeholders concerned out of utilisation of biological resources. Individuals and Institutions – working on mechanisms/ models developed for successful implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing shall be eligible to apply for this award.
Best Biodiversity management committee – There will be one award in this category aimed at appreciating Biodiversity Management Committees for the exemplary work in documentation of biological resources and associated traditional knowledge; generating awareness; establishing best practices in biodiversity conservation, sustainable use, social and gender equity and empowerment and equitable sharing of benefits. The biological resources could be natural and/or those that include local traditional cultivars and animal breeds. Biodiversity Management Committees discharging the roles and responsibilities as envisaged under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, and Rules, 2004, shall be nominated through the respective State Biodiversity Boards for this award.
Tubers are enlarged structures in some plant species used as storage organs for nutrients.
They are used for the plant’s perennation (survival of the winter or dry months), to provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season, and as a means of asexual reproduction.
Stem tubers form thickened rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons (horizontal connections between organisms). Common plant species with stem tubers include the potato
A stem tuber forms from thickened rhizomes or stolons. The top sides of the tuber produce shoots that grow into typical stems and leaves and the under sides produce roots. They tend to form at the sides of the parent plant and are most often located near the soil surface.
2. VOLCANO ERUPTION
News: As the active volcano in Congo, Mount Nyaragongo, erupted again, the Indian Army contingent under the United Nations peace keeping mission (MONUSCO) assisted in protecting civilians and U.N. officials as well as assets during the evacuation, the Army said on Sunday.
Map of Congo:
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Large eruptions can affect atmospheric temperature as ash and droplets of sulfuric acid obscure the Sun and cool the Earth’s troposphere. Historically, large volcanic eruptions have been followed by volcanic winters which have caused catastrophic famines.