geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 24th December 2021

    1.   HARIDWAR HATE SPEECH

    • News: A day after videos of Hindutva leader Yati Narsinghanand calling for violence against Muslims and advocating militant Hinduism went viral, the Uttarakhand police on Thursday filed an FIR against one “Wasim Rizvi, alias Jitendra Narayan Tyagi” and others involved.
    • About FIR:
      • A first information report (FIR) is a document prepared by police organisations in South Asian and Southeast Asian countries including Myanmar, India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence, or in Singapore when the police receive information about any criminal offence.
      • It generally stems from a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on their behalf, but anyone can make such a report either orally or in writing to the police, so it is necessary to know about cognizable offences.
      • For a non-cognisable offence an entry in a community service register or in the station diary is made.
      • Each FIR is important as it sets the process of criminal justice in motion.
      • It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police take up investigation of most types of cases.
      • Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognisable offence, including police officers, can file an FIR.

    2.   RUSH TO GET RAJPATH READY FOR REPUBLIC DAY

    • News: From the construction workers rushing to the finish line to the Border Security Force personnel standing guard, Rajpath was abuzz with activity this week as the government rushed to get it ready in time for the Republic Day Parade (January 26), when people would get the first glimpse of the redesigned Central Vista.
    • About Rajpath:
      • Rajpath (formerly known as Kingsway) is a ceremonial boulevard in New Delhi, India, that runs from Rashtrapati Bhavan on Raisina Hill through Vijay Chowk and India Gate, National War Memorial to National Stadium, Delhi.
      • The avenue is lined on both sides by huge lawns, canals and rows of trees.
      • Considered to be one of the most important roads in India, it is where the annual Republic Day parade takes place on 26 January. Janpath (meaning “People’s Way”) crosses the road. Rajpath runs in east-west direction.
      • Roads from Connaught Place, the financial centre of Delhi, run into Rajpath from north.
      • After climbing Raisina Hill, Rajpath is flanked by the North and South Blocks of the Secretariat Building.
      • The Secretariat Building or Central Secretariat is where the Cabinet Secretariat is housed, which administers the Government of India. Built in the 1910s, it is home to some of the most important ministries of the Cabinet of India. Situated at Raisina Hill, New Delhi, the Secretariat buildings are two blocks of symmetrical buildings (North Block and South Block) on opposite sides of the great axis of Rajpath, and flanking the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s House).

    3.   TURTLE TRAIL TO GET A BOOST WITH MASS TAGGING MISSION

    • News: Scientists have resumed tagging of Olive Ridley turtles at Rushikulya rookery along the Odisha coast, which would help them identify the migration path and places visited by the marine reptiles after congregation and nesting.
    • Details:
      • Researchers of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) are carrying out tagging of the Olive Ridleys at three mass nesting sites — Gahirmatha, Devi River mouth and Rushikulya. The exercise was undertaken in Odisha in January 2021 after a span of about 25 years and 1,556 turtles had been tagged.
      • On Wednesday, the ZSI team tagged 22 turtles (11 male and 11 female) in association with the Odisha Forest and Environment Department along the Rushikulya coast.
      • “We are studying the path taken by turtles in the sea, if they keep coming to one nesting site for laying eggs, and the number of sites they visit over the years. Besides, the growth of turtles could be measured during the current study,”
      • “The study would also reveal the inter-rookery movement of turtles in Odisha. The migration pattern to other countries would be recorded in detail.”
      • The metal tags affixed to turtles are non-corrosive and they do not harm their body. It can be removed later. The tags are uniquely numbered containing details such as the name of the organisation, country-code and email address.
    • About The olive ridley sea turtle:
      • The olive ridley sea turtle, also known commonly as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, is a species of turtle in the family Cheloniidae. The species is the second-smalles and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
      • olivacea is found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, but also in the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean.
      • This turtle and the related Kemp’s ridley turtle are best known for their unique mass nesting sites called arribadas, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.

    4.   INDIA-AUSTRALIA TRADE DEAL TO BE FAST-TRACKED

    • News: Minister for Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal on Wednesday held a virtual meeting with his Australian counterpart Dan Tehan to fast-track negotiation regarding the bilateral Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA).
    • Details:
      • “The Ministers appreciated the progress made in various rounds of talks between the chief negotiators of both sides and discussed the way forward for an early conclusion of interim agreement,” a press release issued by the government said. Mr. Tehan had visited India in September when both sides agreed to move towards the final conclusion of CECA.
      • A Joint Statement issued at the end of the “2+2” meeting had informed that an “early harvest announcement” regarding the interim trade deal would be made by December.