News: The winter session of Parliament ended on Wednesday the same way it started on November 29 — on an acrimonious note. Both Houses were adjourned sine die a day ahead of schedule.
About Winter Session of Parliament:
The session began with the suspension of 12 Opposition members in the Rajya Sabha and concluded with the passage of the controversial Election Laws (Amendment) Bill 2021, which seeks to link the electoral rolls with the Aadhaar database, despite strident protests by the Opposition.
Both Houses also witnessed protests by the Opposition members, demanding the resignation of Union Minister of State for Home Ajay Mishra Teni for the violence in Lakhimpur Kheri, which the government chose to ignore.
Giving an account of the session at a press conference, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Pralhad Joshi said that the productivity of the Lok Sabha was around 82% and that of the Rajya Sabha around 48%.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries.
The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies.
Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems (e.g., the Parliament of Ghana), even where it is not in the official name.
2. UNSC ADOPTS RESOLUTION TO EASE AFGHAN ASSISTANCE
News: The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Wednesday unanimously passed a resolution permitting a carve-out in sanctions against the Taliban to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid to Afghanistan.
3. INDIA GIVES 1 MN DOSES TO MYANMAR
News: India on Wednesday gave one million doses of COVID-19 vaccines to Myanmar as the country grapples with a breakdown in law and order following the military takeover in February. The doses were handed over by Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla who is on a visit to the country, the first by any Indian high official since the coup.
About Vaccine Maitri initiative:
Myanmar was part of the first few countries alongside Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal that received Covishield vaccine of the Serum Institute of India (SII) in January as part of the Vaccine Maitri initiative. However, the military junta ousted the elected government led by Aung San Suu Kyi on February 2.
The COVID-19 related preparations coincided with the political protests when doctors in leading hospitals joined the movement against the military takeover.
Myanmar’s efforts to deal with COVID-19 was further set back when the military rulers charged 19 doctors with organising protests in April. The pandemic has claimed more than 19,000 lives in Myanmar and the healthcare sector is in a serious crisis because of the crackdown on protesters.
4. INDIAN ARMY INDUCTS INDIGENOUSLY BUILT AERVS
News: The first batch of next-generation Armoured Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicles (AERV), indigenously designed and developed by DRDO, and manufactured by the Pune unit of Bharat Electronics Limited, was formally inducted into the Indian Army by Chief of Army Staff Gen. Manoj Mukund Naravane.
AERV is manufactured by BEL at Pune with more than 90% indigenous content. It is a versatile BMP-IIK amphibious Infantry Combat Vehicle (ICV) fitted with instruments for water reconnaissance, land reconnaissance, navigation and data backup.
According to BEL, “AERV is capable of measuring soil bearing capacity on riverbanks to determine if they are motorable for military vehicles on Go-No-Go basis (critical parameters for bridge laying), dry and wet gaps in day and night conditions, slopes and height of river banks or canals.”
AERVs can navigate terrain using Military Grid Coordinate System, measure and plot underwater beds and water currents of rivers or canals, store data from various instruments on Control Console for further analysis and decision-making.