geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
Blog Archive
  • 2022 (333)
  • 2021 (480)
  • 2020 (115)
  • Categories

    Current Affairs – 21st March 2022

    1.    NO CONFIDENCE MOTION

    • News: Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan on Sunday criticised the Pakistan Army and the Opposition as his government faces a no-confidence motion on March 25.
    • About No Confidence motion in India:
      • In India, a motion of no confidence can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament of India) and is admitted for discussion when at least 50 percent members support the motion (under Rule 198 of Lok Sabha Rules, 16th edition).
      • If the motion carries, the house debates and votes on the motion.
      • If a majority of the members vote in favour of the motion, it is passed, and the government is bound to vacate the office.
      • Acharya Kripalani moved the first-ever no confidence motion on the floor of the Lok Sabha in August 1963, immediately after the disastrous Sino-Indian War.
      • As of July 2019, 27 nonconfidence motions have been moved. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi faced the most no confidence motions (15), followed by Lal Bahadur Shastri and P. V. Narasimha Rao (three each), Morarji Desai (two) and Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Narendra Modi (one each). Vajpayee lost the no confidence motion by a margin of one vote (269-270) in April 1999.
      • Prime Minister Desai resigned on 12 July 1979.
      • The most recent no confidence motion was against the Narendra Modi government and accepted by the Speaker but defeated by 325–126.
      • With the Anti-Defection Law, a vote of no confidence has no relevance when the majority party has an absolute majority since it can whip party members to vote in favour of the government; it is thus impossible to remove the government by a no confidence motion.
      • Hence, the no confidence exercise of the house becomes a no confidence exercise of the party.

    2.    VEDANTHANGAL BIRD SANCTUARY

    • News: The Environment Ministry’s Expert Appraisal Committee has recommended grant of environment clearance for Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd.’s expansion project in Tamil Nadu’s Madurantakam taluk, around 3.7 km from the Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary.
    • About Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary:
      • Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is a 30-hectare (74-acre) protected area located in the Madurantakam taluk of the Chengalpattu District in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
      • The sanctuary is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) from Chennai on National Highway 45 ([NH45])
      • It is easily reachable from Madurantakam and Chengalpattu. More than 40,000 birds (including 26 rare species), from various parts of the world visit the sanctuary during the migratory season every year.
      • Vedanthangal is home to migratory birds such as pintail, garganey, grey wagtail, blue-winged teal, common sandpiper and the like.
      • Vedanthangal is the oldest water bird sanctuary in the country.
      • Vedanthangal in Tamil language means ‘hamlet of the hunter’.
      • This area was a favourite hunting spot of the local landlords in the early 18th century.
      • The region attracted a variety of birds because it was dotted with small lakes that acted as feeding grounds for the birds.
      • Realising its ornithological importance, the British government undertook steps to develop Vedanthangal into a bird sanctuary as early as 1798. This was established in 1858 by the order of the Collector of Chengalpattu.

    3.    SPECIAL STATUS OF DELHI

    • News: To expedite the implementation of the land pooling policy, efforts are being made to introduce the proposed amendments to the Delhi Development Act (1957) in the current Parliament session, a senior official of the urban body said.
    • About the 69th Constitutional Amendment, 1992:
      • It added two new Articles 239AA and 239AB under which the Union Territory of Delhi has been given a special status.
      • Article 239AA provides that the Union Territory of Delhi be called the National Capital Territory of Delhi and its administrator shall be known as Lt. Governor.
      • It also creates a legislative assembly for Delhi which can make laws on subjects under the State List and Concurrent List except on these matters: public order, land, and police.
      • It also provides for a Council of Ministers for Delhi consisting of not more than 10% of the total number of members in the assembly.
      • Article 239AB provides that the President may by order suspend the operation of any provision of Article 239AA or of all or any of the provisions of any law made in pursuance of that article. This provision resembles Article 356 (President’s Rule).

    4.    WORLD SPARROW DAY

    • News: On World Sparrow Day on March 20, experts say there’s a need to spread awareness on their conservation.
    • Details:
      • Sparrows or common House Sparrows, as the name suggest, are found in every continent of the world. It is only absent from areas like China, Indochina, Japan and areas of Siberia and Australia to east and tropical Africa and northern areas of South America to the west (Summers-Smith, 1988).
      • However, house sparrows are becoming extinct everywhere, including in India. The main reasons for their decline are believed to be increasing pollution, urbanisation, global warming and vanishing ecological resources.
      • World Sparrow Day is an initiative of the Nature Forever Society, which is a non-government organisation (NGO) run by Mohammed Dilawar, who’s an internationally acclaimed conservationist.
      • The theme for this year is “Monitor the Sparrows & other common birds”.
      • World Sparrow Day is observed on March 20 every year. The first such event was held in 2010.

    5.    MUKUNDARA HILLS NATIONAL PARK AND KEOLADEO NATIONAL PARK

    • News: An uncommon experiment with Africa’s Boma technique undertaken at Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan’s Bharatpur district for capturing and translocating spotted deer is set to improve the prey base in Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve, situated 450 km away.
    • Details:
      • The National Tiger Conservation Authority’s (NTCA) technical committee has approved a proposal to shift two tigers from Ranthambhore National Park to Mukundara, which lost two tigers and two cubs in 2020 and is now left with an eight-year-old tigress.
    • About Africa’s Boma technique:
      • The Boma capturing technique, which is popular in Africa, involves luring of animals into an enclosure by chasing them through a funnel-like fencing.
      • The funnel tapers into an animal selection-cum-loading chute, supported with grass mats and green net to make it opaque for animals, which are tehn herded into a large vehicle for transport to another location.
      • This old technique was earlier utilised to capture wild elephants for training and service.
      • Following its adoption in Madhya Pradesh in recent years, Boma has been put to practice for the first time in Rajasthan for sending the ungulates to the prey-deficient Mukundara reserve as the kills for tigers and leopards.
    • About Mukundara Hills National Park:
      • Mukundara Hills National Park is a national park in Rajasthan, India with an area of 759.99 km2 (293.43 sq mi).
      • It was established in 2004 and consists of three wildlife sanctuaries: Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary, and Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary.
      • It is located in the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests.
      • The national park contains large tracts of forests formerly part of the Maharaja of Kota’s hunting grounds.
      • The park was embroiled in a political controversy over its nomenclature, when the Bharatiya Janata Party state government revoked the decision that it be called the Rajiv Gandhi National Park.
      • Mukundara Hills National Park is mountainous and has a variety of plants, trees and animals.
      • It has grasslands in between and also many dry deciduous trees.
      • There are four rivers that flow in this region, the rivers are Chambal river, Kali river, Ahu river, Ramzan river.
    • About Keoladeo National Park:
      • Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India is a famous avifauna sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season.
      • Over 350 species of birds are known to be resident. It is also a major tourist centre with scores of ornithologists arriving here in the hibernal season.
      • It was declared a protected sanctuary in 1971.
      • It is also a World Heritage Site
      • Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man-made and man-managed wetland and one of the national parks of India.
      • The reserve protects Bharatpur from frequent floods, provides grazing grounds for village cattle, and earlier was primarily used as a waterfowl hunting ground.
      • The sanctuary was created 250 years ago and is named after a Keoladeo (Shiva) temple within its boundaries. Initially, it was a natural depression; and was flooded after the Ajan Bund was constructed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, then the ruler of the princely state of Bharatpur, between 1726–1763. The bund was created at the confluence of two rivers, the Gambhir and Banganga.