Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 20th December 2021


    • News: The Sri Lankan Navy on Sunday seized eight Indian fishing vessels and arrested 55 fishermen on the charge of poaching.
    • About Indian fishermen:
      • The Sri Lankan government agencies said a fast attack craft of the 4th Fast Attack Craft Flotilla attached to the Northern Naval Command took hold of six trawlers and arrested 43 fishermen, hailing from Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, south-east of Delft Island, Jaffna, in the early hours.
      • The operation was in compliance with the COVID-19 protocol.
      • Arrangements were being made to hand the fishermen over to the authorities concerned for legal action after rapid antigen tests.
      • The agencies said the Navy conducts regular patrols to curb illegal fishing in Sri Lankan waters.
      • During the day, the Navy arrested 12 fishermen from Mandapam and seized two trawlers.
      • According to reports received by the fishermen here, the 12 fishermen were taken to a Sri Lankan naval camp.
      • It was not clear whether they would be arrested or released with a warning, said a senior officer in the Fisheries Department in Chennai.


    • News: The Supreme Court has held that disciplinary proceedings against a person with mental disability amounts to indirect discrimination.
    • About Mental disability:
      • “The mental disability impairs the ability of persons to comply with workplace standards in comparison to their able-bodied counterparts.
      • Such persons suffer a disproportionate disadvantage due to the impairment and are more likely to be subjected to disciplinary proceedings.
      • Thus, the initiation of disciplinary proceedings against persons with mental disabilities is a facet of indirect discrimination,”.
      • The court held that such a person is protected under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act provided the discrimination was triggered by the disability.


    • News: Stressing the need for better coordination between the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and State Disaster Response Forces (SDRF) in individual States, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Sunday said that unless the two outfits worked in closer affinity, problems could arise in rescue efforts during major calamities.
    • About NDRF:
      • The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is an Indian specialized force constituted “for the purpose of special response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster” under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
      • The responsibility of managing disasters in India is that of the State Government.
      • The ‘Nodal Ministry’ in the central government for management of natural disasters is the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
      • When ‘calamities of severe nature’ occur, the Central Government is responsible for providing aid and assistance to the affected state, including deploying, at the State’s request, of Armed Forces, Central Paramilitary Forces, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), and such communication, air and other assets, as are available and needed.
      • National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is under the National Disaster Management Authority.
      • The head of the NDRF is designated as Director General. The Director Generals of NDRF are IPS officers on deputation from Indian police organizations. Director General is a three-star officer.
      • The NDRF is a top-heavy organization which in addition to the Director General has several Inspector Generals (IG) and Deputy IGs, who are flag officers and wear badges of rank.
    • About SDRF:
      • As per Section 3.4.5 of National Policy on Disaster Management 2009, the State Governments are required to raise their own SDRF for quickly responding to disasters.
      • As per information available, 24 State/UTs have raised their SDRF. These SDRF are placed strategically at suitable locations well connected to the airport, rail heads and roads for their immediate deployment at the disaster sites.
      • The SDRF are also be used for Community Capacity Building and Awareness Generation programmes within the State.
      • During these programmes, SDRF can familiarize themselves with terrain, critical buildings and other existing infrastructure for prompt responses at the time of disasters and simultaneously work with the community, including school children, village volunteers and other stakeholders on what to do during disasters.


    • News: An Indian desert cat has been spotted for the first time in Madhya Pradesh’s Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR), a senior forest official claimed.“A tourist has shared the pictures taken by him of an Indian desert cat in the reserve’s Akola buffer zone of the reserve recently during the night safari,” PTR’s field director Uttam Kumar Sharma said on Saturday.
    • About Indian desert cat: 
      • As the name suggests, this cat is found in deserts and can survive without water.
      • The toes of the species have cushion like hair which help it balance the fluctuating desert temperatures.
      • The presence of this wild cat was not reported in the PTR’s records earlier.
      • “The name of the Indian desert cat was mentioned in old documents of the PTR, but the photographic presence of this species was not recorded earlier,”.
      • The presence of a desert cat was recorded in the State’s Nauradehi sanctuary.
      • the presence of the desert cat in the PTR indicates that the number of species of various wild animals is increasing in the reserve due to security being heightened in its forest areas.