Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 19th October 2020

    1. ONAM
    • News: Kerala is seeing a spurt in cases due to “gross negligence” during Onam celebrations, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Harsh Vardhan during his weekly online interaction, Sunday Samvad.
    • About Onam Festival:
      • Onam is an annual holiday and festival celebrated in southern Indian state of Kerala.
      • It is a harvest festival celebrated by Malayalis whose date is based on the Hindu Panchangam and falls on the 22nd nakshatra Thiruvonam in the month Chingam of Malayalam calendar.
      • According to legends, the festival is celebrated to commemorate King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam.
    • About Panchangam:
      • A panchānga is a Hindu calendar and almanac, which follows traditional units of Hindu timekeeping, and presents important dates and their calculations in a tabulated form.
      • It is sometimes spelled Pancanga, Panchanga, Panchaanga, or Panchānga, and is pronounced Panchānga. Pachangas are used in Jyotisha (Jyotiṣa).
      • Nepal and also in Eastern India, including Assam, Bengal, Odisha the Panchangam is referred to as Panjika.
      • There are two kinds of lunar months followed in India – the new moon ending called the Amanta or Sukladi system and the full moon ending (covering one full moon to the next) called the Purnimanta system.
      • But it is the lunar months full moon reckoned), which are reckoned in predictive astrology, and each represents the name of the star on full moon day of the solar months.
      • The twelve lunar months starting from Chaitra along with the names of the solar months are given below.
      • There is no fixed date in Gregorian calendar for the 1st day of Chaitra, i.e., the beginning of the Hindu New Year. Chitra month starts on March 10.


    • News: With long bodies, relatively small or no legs, no pronounced neck and glossy scales, skinks are common reptiles around homes, garages, and open spaces such as parks and school playgrounds, and around lakes. Although they are common reptiles and have a prominent role in maintaining ecosystems, not much is known about their breeding habits, and ecology because identification of the species can be confusing.
    • About Zoological Survey of India:
      • The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), founded on 1 July 1916 by Government of India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, as premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the country.
      • The history of ZSI begins from the days of the Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones on 15 January 1784.
      • The Asiatic Society of Bengal was the mother institution not only to the Indian Museum (1875) but also to the institutions like the Zoological Survey of India and the Geological Survey of India.
      • ZSI’s establishment was in fact a fulfillment of the dream of Sir William Jones, the founder of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, whose vision encompassed the entire range of human knowledge.

    3.   SADHNA PASS

    • News: Nine riflewomen of the paramilitary force Assam Rifles were deployed at the Sadhna Pass, earlier called the Nastachun Pass, on the Kupwara-Tangdhar highway in July, the first women soldiers in combat functioning under the Army, as part of a series of steps taken recently to contain smuggling of narcotics from across the Line of Control (LoC).
    • About Sadhna Pass:
      • Sadhna Pass, previously called as Nastachun pass, is a mountain pass in Jammu and Kashmir.
      • It is located in the Himalayas and connects Karnah tehsil of Kupwara district with the rest of the Indian administrated Kashmir valley.
      • It is located in the vast Shams Bri mountainous range. It is about 3000 m above sea level.
      • The pass is best known for its generation-old mythological legend of Blind and Deaf Fairies.