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The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


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    Current Affairs – 17th November 2021


    • News: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday launched an ambitious “Duare Ration” scheme for providing foodgrains under the public distribution system at the doorstep for the entire population.
    • About Duare Ration Scheme:
      • This scheme will help 10 crore people of the State.
      • If there are five members in a family, then one has to carry 25 kg of foodgrains home. We are not so inhuman as to ask people to carry 25 kg on their backs. The solution is to have vehicles in one lane at a distance of 500 metres.
    • About National Food Security Act:
      • The National Food Security Act, 2013 was notified on 10th September, 2013 with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.
      • The Act provides for coverage of upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized foodgrains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), thus covering about two-thirds of the population.
      • The eligible persons will be entitled to receive 5 Kgs of foodgrains per person per month at subsidised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per Kg for rice/wheat/coarse grains. The existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households, which constitute the poorest of the poor, will continue to receive 35 Kgs of foodgrains per household per month.
      • The Act also has a special focus on the nutritional support to women and children. Besides meal to pregnant women and lactating mothers during pregnancy and six months after the child birth, such women will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000.
      • Children upto 14 years of age will be entitled to nutritious meals as per the prescribed nutritional standards. In case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains or meals, the beneficiaries will receive food security allowance.
      • The Act also contains provisions for setting up of grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels.
      • Separate provisions have also been made in the Act for ensuring transparency and accountability.
      • Salient features of the bill include:
        • All Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) or the poorest of the poor group, a priority group to receive 7 kg of subsidised food grains per person per month i.e.. 35 kg of food grain/family/month. General households will be entitled to at least 3 kg/person/month.
        • Upto 75 percent of the rural and up to 50 percent of the urban population will be covered by the bill. Of these, at least 46 percent of the rural and 28 percent of the urban population will be designated as priority households.
        • The rest will be designated as general households.
        • Pregnant women and lactating mothers will be entitled to meals and maternity benefits of not less than Rs 6000. It is however restricted to two children only.
        • The eldest women of the household of age 18 years or above will be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing ration cards.
        • All beneficiaries will have to pay Rs 3/kg for rice, Rs 2/kg for wheat, Re 1/kg for coarse grains. These prices can be revised after the first three years, up to the level of the minimum support price (assured price paid by the Centre to farmers at the time it buys grains from them).


    • News: The Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara Corridor will be reopened on Wednesday, Union Home Minister Amit Shah said on Tuesday.
    • About Dera Baba Nanak:
      • Dera Baba Nanak is a town and a Municipal council in Gurdaspur district in the state of Punjab, India.
      • Dera Baba Nanak, one of the most sacred places of the Sikhs, is situated on the banks of river Ravi.
      • Three famous Gurudwaras at Dera Baba Nanak are Sri Darbar Sahib, Sri Chola Sahib and Tahli Sahib (Gurudwara of BaBa Sri Chand ji) eldest son of Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru.
      • Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru settled and is believed to have “mingled with the Almighty” near the village Pakhoke Mehmaran, opposite to the present town and named it Kartarpur – a town which lies over the border in Pakistan.
      • Gurudwara Sri Darbar Sahib was built in commemoration of Guru Nanak. He came here after his first Udasi (tour) during December 1515 AD to see members of his family.
    • About Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur:
      • Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur, also called Kartarpur Sahib, is a gurdwara in Kartarpur, located in Shakargarh, Narowal District, in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
      • It is built on the historic site where the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, settled and assembled the Sikh community after his missionary travels (udasis to Haridwar, Mecca-Medina, Lanka, Baghdad, Kashmir and Nepal) and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.
      • It is one of the holiest sites in Sikhism, alongside the Golden Temple in Amritsar and Gurdwara Janam Asthan in Nankana Sahib.
      • The gurdwara is also notable for its location near the border between Pakistan and India.


    • News: The Navy will commission the first Project-15B class stealth-guided missile destroyer Visakhapatnam on November 21.
    • About Visakhapatnam Class Destroyer:
      • The Visakhapatnam-class destroyers, or P-15 Bravo-class, or simply P-15B is a class of guided-missile destroyers currently being built for the Indian Navy.
      • The P-15B destroyers, are modified versions of the earlier Kolkata-class destroyers (P-15A).
      • The class consists of four vessels – Visakhapatnam, Mormugao, Imphal and Surat, all four are being built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).
      • Noted for being the largest-ever destroyers built by India, the P-15B class features substantial improvements in design, technology and stealth, over the P-15A class.