News: The Supreme Court on Tuesday upheld the government’s mandate to broaden three Himalayan highways, considered crucial by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) for quick troop build-up along the Indo-China border.
About Char Dham highway project:
The three national highways — Rishikesh to Mana, Rishikesh to Gangotri and Tanakpur to Pithoragarh — act as feeder roads to the northern border with China. They are part of the Char Dham project.
These highways would now be developed in accordance with the Double Lane with Paved Shoulder (DLPS) system.
2. INDIA VOTES AGAINST UN DRAFT RESOLUTION
News: India on Monday voted against a draft resolution at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) linking climate to security, saying it was an attempt to shift climate talks from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to the Security Council and a “step backward” for collective action on the issue.
About United Nations resolution (UN resolution):
A United Nations resolution (UN resolution) is a formal text adopted by a United Nations (UN) body. Although any UN body can issue resolutions, in practice most resolutions are issued by the Security Council or the General Assembly.
Except concerning UN budgetary matters and instructions to lower UN bodies, General Assembly resolutions are non-binding.
The UN’s website describes General Assembly resolutions as the expression of member states’ views, and as not legally binding upon member states.
3. ‘OVER HALF OF UAPA DETAINEES UNDER 30’
News: Nearly 53% of persons arrested under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) in 2018, 2019 and 2020 were below the age of 30, the Union Home Ministry (MHA) informed Lok Sabha on Tuesday.
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.
The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalisation to look into, the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. The agenda of the NIC limited itself to communalism, casteism and regionalism and not terrorism.
Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. The BJP led NDA government claimed that in order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.
However, the provisions of the UAPA Act contravenes the requirements of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
4. CJI BATS FOR MORE WOMEN JUDGES
News: Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Tuesday promised to take up with the Supreme Court Collegium the demand for more women judges.