Current Affairs 15th September 2022

1.     EDGE COMPUTING

  • News: IBM and Bharti Airtel have tied up to deploy Airtel’s edge computing platform in India to enable large enterprises across industries such as manufacturing and automotive to accelerate innovative solutions.
  • About Edge Computing:
    • Edge computing is a distributed computing paradigm that brings computation and data storage closer to the sources of data. This is expected to improve response times and save bandwidth.
    • It is an architecture rather than a specific technology.
    • It is a topology- and location-sensitive form of distributed computing.
    • The origins of edge computing lie in content distributed networks that were created in the late 1990s to serve web and video content from edge servers that were deployed close to users.
    • In the early 2000s, these networks evolved to host applications and application components at the edge servers, resulting in the first commercial edge computing services that hosted applications such as dealer locators, shopping carts, real-time data aggregators, and ad insertion engines.
    • Internet of things (IoT) is an example of edge computing.

2.     DRONE POLICY OF INDIA

  • News: A year since the announcement of incentives for the country’s fledgling drone manufacturing industry, there has been a steady increase in the number of projects.
  • About Drone Policy of India:
    • Owning and operating drones in India – what you need to know
      • The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has released regulations for the operation of civil drones in India. Here is a brief overview of what you need to know:
      • Registration and Licensing: All drones must be registered with the DGCA, and operators must have a license to fly them. Registrations can be done on the “Digital Sky platform” operated by the DGCA which provides a single-window online platform for drone registrations and approvals related to drone operations.
      • Operator Requirements:Operators must be over 18 years of age, have completed a training course from a DGCA-approved institution, and pass a written exam. Once the drone operation license is issued, it is valid for 10 years.
      • Restrictions on Use: There are restrictions on where and when operators can fly drones. For example, operators cannot fly near airports or in densely populated areas.
      • These rules are discussed in more detail in the sections below.
    • Do I need a license or registration for my drone in India?
      • To operate a drone in India, you must be registered with the DGCA and have a license to fly it. You must be over 18 years of age, have passed 10th standard exams, and have completed a training course from a DGCA-approved institution. You will also need to pass a written exam.
      • Once the exam is passed, you will receive a remote pilot certificate from the DGCA via the Digital Sky Platform within 15 days. Once the certificate is issued, it is valid for 10 years.
      • Under the new rules, a certificate is not required for operating nano drones (weighing less than 250 grams) and non-commercial micro drones (weighing less than 2 KG).
    • What kind of restrictions are there on the use of drones in India?
      • Drone ownership and operation are far more simplified under the 2021 Rules than earlier regulations. But some restrictions are in place with specific emphasis on approvals, licenses, uses and compliances and drone operators must be aware of them to ensure full compliance with all applicable laws.
      • Green, Yellow, and Red Zones
        • The Indian Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has also deployed an interactive airspace map on the Digital Sky Platform for the convenience of drone operators and all other stakeholders. The map is color-coded into Green, Yellow, and Red zones.
        • While no permission is required to fly drones in the green zones, yellow zones are controlled airspace and need special permission to enter. Red zones are strictly no-fly zones. Red zones include areas such as military bases or nuclear power plants and other sensitive areas are restricted due to the risk of accidents or national security purposes.
      • Restriction on speed and elevation
        • Operators should not fly Nano and micro drones over 50 ft. above ground level and above a speed of 25 m/s.
      • No permission – No Take-off
        • In India, before every operation of a drone, permission is mandatory. Drone operators can see permission via a mobile app (covered under the digital sky platform) which automatically grants or rejects the permission. The specifications of drones permitted for use in India require them to be incapable of take-off without permission.
        • Operators of drones must ensure that they comply with all these restrictions. Failure to do so could result in penalties, including a fine of up to INR 1,00,000.
      • India’s ban on drone imports
        • As of February 2022, India has banned the import of all drones and components that can assemble to create drones. It is done to encourage the domestic drone manufacturing industry to become a global drone hub by 2030. Some exceptions are there to this import ban for the defense industry, security purposes, and research and development of the technology.
        • The Indian government’s ban on the import of drones is based on a two-pronged strategy: Firstly, that the development of indigenous technology will lead to a demand for products and drone-related services in local markets and will also enable the creation of employment opportunities. Secondly, to ensure the regulation of drone technology and to prevent its misuse within Indian territories leading to defense-related risks including information leaks.

3.     MANASBAL LAKE

  • News: Manasbal Lake restored after 33 years for NCC Naval Wing training camp.
  • About Manasbal Lake:
    • Manasbal Lake is a freshwater lake located in Safapora area of Ganderbal District in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
    • The name Manasbal is said to be a derivative of Manasarovar.
    • Lake is encircled by four villages viz., Jarokbal, Kondabal, Nesbal (also called Kiln place, is situated on the north-eastern side of the lake) and Gratbal.
    • The large growth of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) at the periphery of the lake (blooms during July and August) adds to the beauty of the clear waters of the lake.
    • The Mughal garden, called the Jaroka Bagh, (meaning bay window) built by Nur Jahan overlooks the lake.
    • The lake is a good place for birdwatching as it is one of the largest natural stamping grounds of Aquatic birds in Kashmir and has the sobriquet of “supreme gem of all Kashmir Lakes”.

4.     HOYSALESHWARA TEMPLE

  • News: With the UNESCO team scheduled to visit Halebid on September 14, the Hoysaleshwara temple and surrounding areas are being spruced up by Gram Panchayat (GP) officials.
  • About Hoysaleshwara Temple:
    • Hoysaleswara temple, also referred simply as the Halebidu temple, is a 12th-century Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
    • It is the largest monument in Halebidu, a town in the state of Karnataka, India and the former capital of the Hoysala Empire.
    • The temple was built on the banks of a large man-made lake, and sponsored by King Vishnuvardhana of the Hoysala Empire.
    • Its construction started around 1121 CE and was complete in 1160 CE.
    • During the early 14th century, Halebidu was twice sacked and plundered by the Muslim armies of the Delhi Sultanate from northern India, and the temple and the capital fell into a state of ruin and neglect.
    • It is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Hassan city and about 210 kilometres (130 mi) from Bengaluru.
    • The Hoysaleswara temple is a Shaivism tradition monument, yet reverentially includes many themes from Vaishnavism and Shaktism tradition of Hinduism, as well as images from Jainism.
    • The Hoysaleswara temple is a twin-temple dedicated to Hoysaleswara and Santaleswara Shiva lingas, named after the masculine and feminine aspects, both equal and joined at their transept.
    • It has two Nandi shrines outside, where each seated Nandi face the respective Shiva linga inside.
    • The temple includes a smaller sanctum for the Hindu Sun god Surya.
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