News: The Odisha government has proposed to ban movement of mechanised fishing boats in the Mangalajodi area of the Chilika lake, an important haunt of migratory birds, to provide the winged guests an undisturbed ecosystem for six months every year.
About Chilika Lake:
Chilika Lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1,100 km2.
It is the biggest lake of India after Vembanad Lake.
This lake is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the largest brackish water lagoon in the world after The New Caledonian barrier reef.
It has been listed as a tentative UNESCO World Heritage site.
It is the largest salt water lake in India.
It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent. The lake is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.
In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
2. PRADHAN MANTRI BHARTIYA JANAUSHADHI PARIYOJANA
News: Aimed at providing accessible, standardised and affordable generic medicines, the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras, which currently offer a product basket of 1,451 drugs and 240 surgical instruments, have added nutraceuticals products, including protein powder and bar, malt-based food supplements and immunity bar for its customers.
About Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP):
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses. PMBJP stores have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs. It was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals in November 2008 under the name Jan Aushadi Campaign. Pharmaceutical & Medical Devices Bureau of India (PMBI) is the implementation agency for PMBJP.
Vision: To bring down the healthcare budget of every citizen of India through providing Quality generic Medicines at Affordable Prices.
Create awareness among the public regarding generic medicines.
Create demand for generic medicines through medical practitioners.
Create awareness through education and awareness program that high price need not be synonymous with high quality.
Provide all the commonly used generic medicines covering all the therapeutic groups.
Provide all the related health care products too under the scheme.
Making quality medicines available at affordable prices for all, particularly the poor and disadvantaged, through exclusive outlets “Jan Aushadhi Medical Store”, so as to reduce out of pocket expenses in healthcare.
3. WHITE PHOSPHORUS MUNITIONS
News: A senior Ukrainian police officer has accused Russian forces of launching phosphorus bomb attacks in the eastern region of Lugansk.
About White Phosphorus Munitions:
White phosphorus munitions are weapons that use one of the common allotropes of the chemical element phosphorus.
White phosphorus is used in smoke, illumination, and incendiary munitions, and is commonly the burning element of tracer ammunition.
White phosphorus is pyrophoric (it is ignited by contact with air); burns fiercely; and can ignite cloth, fuel, ammunition, and other combustibles.
About Convention on Cluster Munitions:
The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international treaty that prohibits all use, transfer, production, and stockpiling of cluster bombs, a type of explosive weapon which scatters submunitions (“bomblets”) over an area.
Additionally, the Convention establishes a framework to support victim assistance, clearance of contaminated sites, risk reduction education, and stockpile destruction.
The convention was adopted on 30 May 2008 in Dublin, and was opened for signature on 3 December 2008 in Oslo.
India, USA, China, Pakistan, Russia are among the countries which have not signed the convention.