geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 13th December 2021

    1.     INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND HEADQUARTERS

    • News: Every year, UNICEF Day is observed on December 11 to raise awareness about saving children’s lives by defending and helping them to fulfil their wishes. The day provides assistance for the health, nutrition, education, and welfare of children during World War II. UNICEF’s name was subsequently changed from United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund to United Nations Children’s Fund though, it continued to be known by the popular acronym based on the previous title.
      • The theme of the day:

    The theme for this year is to help children recover from interruptions and learning losses experienced through pandemics in the last two years.

    • UNICEF Day 2021: Significance

    The day plays a significant role in raising awareness of the sustainable development of children. The aim is to eliminate hunger, violation of children’s rights, and discrimination against race, region, or religion. UNICEF’s major objective is to protect children all across the world and provide access to basic rights like good education, food, sanitation, vaccination, etc.

    • UNICEF Day 2021: History

    The day was established after World War II to assist people who needed help and whose lives were at risk. Later in 1953, UNICEF became a permanent agency of the United Nations. In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly announced this day for United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).

    • Catherine Russell appointed as the new head of UNICEF

    UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has appointed Catherine Russell as the head of UN children’s agency UNICEF, also known as the United Nations Children’s Fund. Catherine Russell is an assistant to US President Joe Biden. She also heads the White House Office of Presidential Personnel. Russell will succeed Henrietta Fore, who resigned in July 2021 because of a family health issue.

     

    • List of International Organizations and their Headquarters
    International organizations Headquarters
    United Nations Organisation New York, USA
    United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) New York, USA
    United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) New York, USA
    UN Women New York, USA
    United Nations Security Council (UNSC) New York, USA
    International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington DC, United States
    World Bank Group (WBG) Washington DC, United States
    World Health Organisation (WHO) Geneva, Switzerland
    International Labour Organisation Geneva, Switzerland
    International Committee of the Red Cross Geneva, Switzerland
    World Trade Organisation Geneva, Switzerland
    World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) Geneva, Switzerland
    World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva, Switzerland
    International Organization for Standardization Geneva, Switzerland
    UNAIDS Geneva, Switzerland
    United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Paris, France
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Paris, France
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Vienna, Austria
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna, Austria
    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Vienna, Austria
    International Maritime Organisation (IMO) London, United Kingdom
    Commonwealth of Nations London, United Kingdom
    Amnesty International London, United Kingdom
    Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) Rome, Italy
    North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Brussels, Belgium
    Universal Postal Union Berne, Switzerland
    Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Jakarta, Indonesia
    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Queenstown, Singapore
    Transparency International Berlin, Germany
    International Renewable Energy Agency Abu Dhabi (UAE)
    South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Kathmandu, Nepal
    Organization of Islamic Cooperation Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation Ebene, Mauritius
    Worldwide Fund for Nature Gland, Switzerland
    International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry North Carolina
    Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons The Hague, The Netherlands
    International Olympic Committee Lausanne, Switzerland
    World Economic Forum Cologny-Geneva, Switzerland
    International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Gland, Switzerland
    International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) Paris, France
    United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Nairobi, Kenya
    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Geneva, Switzerland
    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Vienna, Austria
    United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) Turin, Italy
    UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) Geneva, Switzerland
    International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Montreal, Canada
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) New York, USA
    International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Rome, Italy
    International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Geneva, Switzerland
    United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Madrid, Spain
    United Nations University (UNU) Tokyo, Japan
    International Court of Justice (ICJ) The Hague, Netherlands
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Geneva, Switzerland
    UN-Habitat Nairobi, Kenya
    World Food Programme (WFP) Rome, Italy
    UN-OHRLLS New York, USA
    Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Geneva, Switzerland
    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Geneva, Switzerland