Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 12th August 2021


    • News: Kaziranga has become the first national park in India to have been equipped with satellite phones, officials said on Wednesday.
    • Details:
      • Kaziranga has become the first in the country to use satellite phones, which are generally used by the law-enforcing agencies.
      • The satellite phones will give an edge to the forest personnel over the poachers and also during emergencies like floods.
      • The public is barred from using satellite phones in India.
      • The Assam State Disaster Management Authority had procured the 10 satellite phones for Kaziranga at an estimated cost of ₹16 lakh.
      • The park authorities will bear the monthly expenses for the service provided by Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.
    • About Satellite Phone:
      • A satellite telephone, satellite phone or satphone is a type of mobile phone that connects to other phones or the telephone network by radio through orbiting satellites instead of terrestrial cell sites, as cellphones do.
      • The advantage of a satphone is that its use is not limited to areas covered by cell towers; it can be used in most or all geographic locations on the Earth’s surface.
      • A fixed installation, such as one used aboard a ship, may include large, rugged, rack-mounted electronics, and a steerable microwave antenna on the mast that automatically tracks the overhead satellites.
    • About Kaziranga National Park:
      • Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India.
      • The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site.
      • Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world, and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 (now the highest tiger density is in Orang National Park, Assam).
      • The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
      • Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species. When compared with other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation.
      • Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility.
      • Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, criss-crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water.
      • Kaziranga is located between latitudes 26°30′ N and 26°45′ N, and longitudes 93°08′ E to 93°36′ E.
      • Kaziranga has flat expanses of fertile, alluvial soil, formed by erosion and silt deposition by the River Brahmaputra.


    • News: The wreckage of the Advanced Light helicopter (ALH) that crashed into the Ranjit Sagar reservoir at Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir last week has been located, the Chandimandir-based Western Command of the Army.
    • About Ranjit Sagar Dam:
      • The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Punjab Irrigation Department on the Ravi River on the border of two states of India, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
      • It is located upstream of the Madhopur Barrage at Madhopur.
      • A large portion, up to 60%, of the reservoir falls within Jammu and Kashmir.
      • The project is used for both irrigation and power generation.
      • The project is the largest hydroelectric dam in Punjab with a capacity of 600 megawatts.
      • Also, the dam is amongst the highest earth-fill dams in India and has the largest diameter penstock pipes in the country.


    • News: The government is eyeing a sale of its residual stakes in erstwhile public sector firms like Paradeep Phosphates, Hindustan Zinc and Balco, which were privatised during the Atal Behari Vajpayee regime.
    • About Disinvestment:
      • Disinvestment is the action of an organization or government selling or liquidating an asset or subsidiary.
      • Absent the sale of an asset, disinvestment also refers to capital expenditure (CapEx) reductions, which can facilitate the re-allocation of resources to more productive areas within an organization or government-funded project.
      • Whether disinvestment results in the divestiture or the reduction of funding, the primary objective is to maximize the return on investment (ROI) related to capital goods, labor, and infrastructure.