Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020


About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 11th March 2022


    • News: After Chief Minister M.K. Stalin wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, urging him to halt the construction of the ‘Away From Reactor’ (AFR) facility at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) site for storing nuclear waste, the Kudankulam Village Panchayat, under which the project site falls, has passed a resolution against setting up the facility.
    • About Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant:
      • Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (or Kudankulam NPP or KKNPP) is the largest nuclear power station in India, situated in Kudankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
      • Construction on the plant began on 31 March 2002, but faced several delays due to opposition from local fishermen.
      • KKNPP is scheduled to have six VVER-1000 reactors built in collaboration with Atomstroyexport, the Russian state company and Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), with an installed capacity of 6,000 MW of electricity.
      • An Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) on the project was signed on 20 November 1988 by the Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi and the Soviet head of state, Mikhail Gorbachev, for the construction of two reactors.
    • About Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG):
      • The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a multilateral export control regime and a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
      • The NSG was founded in response to the Indian nuclear test in May 1974 and first met in November 1975.
      • The test demonstrated that certain non-weapons specific nuclear technology could be readily turned to weapons development.
      • Nations already signatories of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) saw the need to further limit the export of nuclear equipment, materials or technology.
      • Another benefit was that non-NPT and non-Zangger Committee nations, then specifically France, could be brought in.


    • News: India-Japan bilateral Army exercise, Dharma Guardian, concluded at Belgaum on Thursday, while Australian Army Chief Lt. Gen. Richard Maxwell Burr, who is on a four-day visit to India, witnessed a firepower demonstration at the Pokhran firing range. “Both contingents shared their expertise on exploiting disruptive technologies like drone and anti-drone weapons,” the Army said in a statement on the exercise.
    • Details:
      • Exercise Dharma Guardian, an annual exercise between Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Force,
      • With a focus on counter-terrorism operations and disruptive technologies between two key partners in the Indo-Pacific region.
      • Dharma Guardian covered a vast spectrum – from cross training and combat conditioning in the field environment to sports and cultural exchanges.
      • The contingents from the two armies jointly attended demonstrations at the firing ranges and also participated in various tactical exercises.
      • Both contingents shared their expertise on contemporary subjects of counter-terrorism operations, as also on exploiting disruptive technologies such as drone and anti-drone weapons.