geography

Arctic Region and Arctic Council

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

8 Jul, 2020

BRAHMAPUTRA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES

About Brahmaputra River: The Brahmaputra called Yarlung

3 Jul, 2020
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    Current Affairs – 10 March 2021

    1.   NATIONAL NO FLY LIST OF INDIA

    News: Flight passengers who exhibit stubborn reluctance to wear their masks properly, could now get offloaded immediately or be placed in the “no-fly” list, as per a fresh guidelines issued by the Delhi High Court.

    About National No Fly List:

    The National No Fly List is an Indian government initiative to identify disruptive passengers and temporarily prohibit them from boarding flights.

    The objective of the list is “to ensure safety and check unruly and disruptive behaviour on aircraft”.

    The no-fly list is compiled and maintained by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) based on inputs from airlines.

    The no-fly list only governs passenger behaviour onboard scheduled and non-scheduled flights. Offences committed within the airport premises fall under the jurisdiction of the relevant security agency in charge of that airport.

    Passengers who engage in unruly physical gestures, verbal harassment, unruly inebriation, physically abusive behaviour, or any life threatening action onboard an aircraft can be placed on the list.

    A passenger on the list is prohibited from flying on any aircraft operated by the airline that placed them on the list for the duration of their ban.

    Other airlines may choose to deny service to the passenger but are not compelled to do so. The full list of individuals placed on the no fly list is displayed on the DGCA website.

    Offences are categorised into three levels punishable by lengthier bans. Inappropriate physical gestures, verbal harassment and unruly inebriation are Level 1 offences and are punishable with ban of up to 3 months.

    Physically abusive behaviour, including inappropriate touching, are Level 2 offences punishable by ban of up to 6 months.

    Any action that threatens the life of a passenger or attempts to damage to aircraft systems is a Level 3 offence and is punishable with a mandatory minimum ban of at least 2 years.

    The Ministry has not clarified whether a Level 3 offence can result in a life ban.

    The procedure to place a passenger on the list must be initiated by the pilot in command of the flight who makes a report to the airline.

    The airline must form an internal committee to study the case and decide on punishment.

    The committee must be headed by a retired District or Sessions judge, and the remaining members come from various scheduled airline and passenger associations, consumer associations and retired officials of the Consumer Dispute Redressal Forum. The committee must make its decision within 30 days.

    During the 30 day period, the passenger is prohibited from boarding flights operated by the airline that filed the report. If the committee does not make a decision within 30 days, the case against the passenger is automatically dropped.

    A passenger on the list is prohibited from flying on any aircraft operated by the airline that placed them on the list for the duration of their ban.

    Other airlines may choose to deny service to the passenger but are not compelled to do so. A banned passenger has the right to appeal their ban within 60 days of committee decision. Appeals are reviewed by a panel set up by the Ministry of Civil Aviation.

    If the panel upholds the decision, the passenger may seek further redress through the High Court.

    2.   NATIONAL SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME

    News: The relevance of a marquee Scheme like National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) in reaching out to the poor and downtrodden section of society does not go amiss in the eyes of the Committee,” said the report.

    About National Social Assistance Programme:

    NSAP stands for National Social Assistance Programme. NSAP was launched on 15th August 1995.

    The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) represents a significant step towards the fulfilment of the Directive Principles in Article 41 and 42 of the Constitution recognizing the concurrent responsibility of the Central and the State Governments in the matter.

    In particular, Article 41 of the Constitution of India directs the State to provide public assistance to its citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of undeserved want within the limit of its economic capacity and development.

    Objective of NSAP: National Social Assistance Programme is a social security and welfare programme to provide support to aged persons, widows, disabled persons and bereaved families on death of primary bread winner,
    belonging to below poverty line households.

    3.   EXERCISE DUSTLIK-II

    News: At Exercise Dustlik-II between India and Uzbekistan from March 10-19, the Army will showcase its Counter Insurgency (CI) and Counter Terrorism (CT) skills. The focus will be on people-centric intelligence based surgical operations, incorporating technological advancements to minimise collateral damage, a defence source said.

    Details:

    The broad aim of the exercise is CI,CT operations in mountainous, rural and urban scenarios under United Nations (UN) mandate and the Army will share the experiences and lessons it has gained in Kashmir.

    A lot of technology has been incorporated in CI, CT operations and efficiency has considerably gone up in operations which also helps in minimizing collateral damage which would also be showcased.

    India has a series of joint exercises scheduled in the next financial year beginning April 2021 including with Central Asian Republics — Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan — in addition to Mongolia and Russia as part of its growing engagement with the region.

    The Army’s 13 Kumaon regiment, also called the Rezang La battalion for its heroic action in the 1962 war with China, has been nominated from the Indian side for the company level CI, CT exercise being held at Chaubatia, near Ranikhet in Uttarakhand.

    Map of Uzbekistan:

    4.   NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION OF INDIA

    News: The National Human Rights Commission on Tuesday asked the Haryana Police to submit a report on the alleged illegal detention and custodial torture of trade unionist Shiv Kumar. The NHRC asked the Sonipat Superintendent of Police to submit the report within four weeks.

    About National Human Rights Commission of India:

    The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is a Statutory public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993.

    It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (PHRA).

    The NHRC is the National Human Rights Commission of India, responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights, defined by the Act as “Rights Relating To Life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.”.

    Functions of NHRC:

    The Protection of Human Rights Act mandates the NHRC to perform the following:

    Proactively or reactively inquire into violations of human rights by government of India or negligence of such violation by a public servant

    the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation

    review the factors, including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures

    to study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation

    undertake and promote research in the field of human rights

    to visit jails and study the condition of inmates

    engage in human rights education among various sections of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publications, the media, seminars and other available means

    encourage the efforts of NGOs and institutions congress to working in the field of human rights.

    it considers the necessity for the protection of human rights.

    requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office.

    Composition:

    The NHRC consists of: The Chairman and Four members (excluding the ex-officio members)

    A Chairperson, who has been a Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court.

    One member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India , or, One member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court.

    Three Members, out of which at least one shall be a woman to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights.

    In addition, the Chairpersons of National Commissions viz., National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women , National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Backward Classes, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights; and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities serve as ex officio members.

    The sitting Judge of the Supreme Court or sitting Chief Justice of any High Court can be appointed only after the consultation with the Chief Justice of Supreme Court.

    5.   QUAD GROUPING

    News: The first ever summit of the leaders of the Quadrilateral Framework or ‘Quad’ will take place virtually on March 12, the Ministry of External Affairs announced on Tuesday. United States, Japan and Australia comprise the Quadrilateral Framework.

    About Quadrilateral Security Dialogue:

    The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (abbr. QSD, also known as the Quad or Asian NATO) is an informal strategic forum between the United StatesJapanIndia and Australia that is maintained by semi-regular summits, information exchanges and military drills between member countries.

    6.   VIRUS PASSPORT BY CHINA

    News: China has launched a health certificate programme for Chinese international travellers, leading the world in plans for so-called virus passports.

    Details:

    The digital certificate, which shows a user’s vaccination status and virus test results, is available for Chinese citizens via a programme on Chinese social media platform WeChat.

    The certificate is being rolled out “to help promote world economic recovery and facilitate cross-border travel.

    Although the certificate is meant for travel in and out of China, it is currently only available for use by Chinese citizens, and it is not yet mandatory. There is also no indication authorities in other countries will use it when Chinese travellers go abroad.

    7.   NATIONAL EMPLOYABILITY THROUGH APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM

    News: India’s apprenticeship ecosystem is currently witnessing a positive momentum, shows a study by the National Employability Through Apprenticeship Program (NETAP), a TeamLease Skills University and the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship initiative.

    About National Employability Through Apprenticeship Program:

    TeamLease Skills University (TLSU) is India’s first vocational skills university. EstabliunderPublic-Private Partnership (PPP) the university was set up in 2013 under Gujarat PriUniversities(Amendment) Act, 2013.

    TLSU’s primary mission is to combine apprenticeship with other forms of learning and strike therbalance between degrees, skills and employment pathways.

    It aims to promote skill learning iemployment market and help its students to be shop-floor ready.

    To do so, it makes use oftraditionalnon-traditional programs, focusing on academic, vocational, professional, technicaland life skills.

    With a focus on generating an efficient workforce, TLSU offers employment-oriented programsanopportunity for non-graduate employees to build a career path through unique programs.

    It provacontinuous learning platform for Skilling, UpSkilling or Reskilling to its learners. It also focuslifelong learning to enable lifelong employability.

    It offers students four qualifications; Certificates, Diplomas, Advanced diplomas and Degrees

    NETAP – National Employability through Apprenticeship Program-is India’s fastest growing blended apprenticeship training program. The program aims to help organizations develop a qualified, robust and sustainable workforce and a productive human supply chain.

    NETAP was set up in 2014 as a 100% employer-funded Public-Private Partnership (PPP). Its stakeholders currently include TeamLease Skills University, Schoolguru, CII and Ministry of Skill Development.

    The program has opened new channels for the employer-people supply chain in creating a talent pipeline, improving productivity, and ensuring a lower attrition rate. Since then NETAP has successfully empowered 1.5 lakh youth by enabling learning-while-learning and learning-by-doing with over 600 employers in 24 industries across all our 29 states.