A freelance journalist and researcher, Chandrakant Patil has submitted documents to the two-
member commission probing the Bhima – Koregaon clash concerning the historical aspects leading to, and
Details of the Battle (Battle of Koregaon):
- The Battle of Koregaon was fought on 1 January 1818 between the British East India Company and
the Peshwa faction of the Maratha Confederacy, at Koregaon Bhima.
- A 28,000-strong force led by Peshwa Baji Rao II whilst on their way to attack the company-held Pune, were unexpectedly met by an 800-strong Company force that was on its way to reinforce the British troops in Pune.
- The Peshwa dispatched around 2,000 soldiers to attack the force which sought entrenchment in Koregaon.
- Led by Captain Francis Staunton, the Company troops defended their position for nearly 12 hours, before the Peshwa’s troops ultimately withdrew, fearing the imminent arrival of a larger British force.
Details of Third Anglo – Maratha War (1817 – 1818):
- The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–1818) was the final and decisive conflict between the British East India Company (EIC) and the Maratha Empire in India.
- The war left the Company in control of most of India. It began with an invasion of the Maratha territory by British East India Company troops, the largest such British controlled force massed in India.
- The troops were led by the Governor General supported by a force under General Thomas Hislop.
- Operations began against the Pindaris, a band of Muslim mercenaries and Marathas from central India.
- Peshwa Baji Rao II’s forces, supported by those of Mudhoji II Bhonsle of Nagpur and Malharrao Holkar III of Indore, rose against the East India Company.
- Pressure and diplomacy convinced the fourth major Maratha leader, Daulatrao Shinde of Gwalior, to remain neutral even though he lost control of Rajasthan.
- British victories were swift, resulting in the breakup of the Maratha Empire and the loss of Maratha independence.
- The Peshwa was defeated in the battles of Khadki and Koregaon. Several minor battles were fought by the Peshwa’s forces to prevent his capture.