geography

Hirakud Dam

News: Water flow into the Hirakud reservoir on the Mahanadi river decreased by 34% in 2017

7 Sep, 2018

RAVINE LANDFORM

Source: Ravines of Chambal Valley About Ravine: A ravine is a landfo

4 Sep, 2018
Blog Archive
  • 2018 (48)
  • Categories

    A CHAPTER FROM HISTORY

    Person in News:

    Sri Krishna Devaraya

    About Sri Krishna Devaraya:

    • He was an emperor of the Vijayanagar Empire who reigned from 1509–1529.
    • He is the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty.
    • Krishna Deva Raya earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana (Lord of the Kannada empire), Andhra Bhoja (Bhoja for Telugu Literature) and Mooru Rayara Ganda (King of Three Kings).
    • He became the dominant ruler of the peninsula of India by defeating the Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda, the Bahmani Sultanate and the Gajapatis of Odisha.
    • Portuguese travellers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz also visited the Vijayanagara Empire during his reign. He built a beautiful suburb near Vijayanagara called Nagalapura

    About Vijayanagar Empire:

    • It was established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I of Sangama Dynasty.
    • It lasted until 1646, although its power declined after a major military defeat in 1565 by the combined armies of the Deccan sultanates.
    • The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagar, whose ruins surround present day Hampi, now a World Heritage Site in Karnataka, India.
    • The ports of Mangalore, Honavar, Bhatkal, Barkur, Cochin, Cannanore, Machilipatnam, and Dharmadam were the most important.
    • The Hindu caste system was prevalent and rigidly followed, with each caste represented by a local body of elders who represented the community.
    • Sati, the practice where a widow would immolate herself with her dead husband’s body, is evidenced in Vijayanagar ruins.
    • The Devadasi system existed, as well as legalised prostitution relegated to a few streets in each city. Apart from other professions, even prostitution was taxed.
    • The Vijayanagar kings were tolerant of all religions and sects, as writings by foreign visitors show.